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RED VZLA Urgent Request to the OTP-3

REDACTED Page 86 of 190 Mayors who are not from the USPV, have been reported to have been subjected to political persecution.353 The Venezuelan Mayors’ Association denounced in April 2014, that 23 of the 76 opposition’s mayors were subject to judicial persecution.354 Figure 2 : President’s de facto control over the states through the PSUV Governors c)Other organs under the control of the Presidency (1) De Jure control of the Presidency over the National Armed Forces and the Internal Security Forces The National Armed Forces “consist of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force and the National Guard”,355 as well as the National Bolivarian Militia created by a Presidential decree.356 As the Commander-in-Chief of all the Armed Forces, the President is directly responsible for the strategic and operational decisions relating to the National Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Fuerza Armada Nacional Bolivariana (NAFB))357 and as such is de jure in charge of each one of these forces. 353 THE GUARDIAN. (2015) Venezuela agents arrest Caracas mayor. The Guardian. [Online] 19 February. Available from: caracas-mayor [Accessed 24 October, 2015] 354 NOTICIAS24. (2014) Asociación de Alcaldes por Venezuela solicitó una “audiencia privada con la Unasur.” Noticias24. [Online] 4 April. Available from: una-audiencia-privada-con-unasur/ [Accessed 24 October, 2015] 355 VENEZUELA. Constitution of Venezuela. Article 328 356 Presidential Decree of President Eleazar López Contreras, published in the Official Gazette. The presidential decree divided the National Guard into the National Guard of the Interior (subdivided into the Highway, Rural, Health and Urban Services) and the Frontier National Guard, and formally set its joint command structure under the Ministries of War and Navy and of the Interior and Justice. As a national police force it was also mandated to have its own investigations service as well. 357 According to article 236 of the Venezuelan Constitution, the President is the commander-in-chief of Gove rnors from PSU V 87% Non PSU V gove rnors 13% States

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