northern secwepemc te qelmucw shuswap people of the north lexey’em “to tell a story” november 2017 – pellc7éll7ullcwten (going into underground houses moon) december – pellctíteq̓em (first real cold & cross over moon) nstq treaty team on the road again story and photos by brad mcguire the nstq treaty team once again hit the road after a lost summer of wildfires. during the week of october 15th, various treaty team members travelled to and hosted dinner gatherings in prince george, kamloops, kelowna, vancouver and victoria. these dinner gatherings initially were to be focused on nstq updates in the treaty process, but with the summer of 2017 turning out to be a ‘lost’ summer on many fronts due to the horrific wildfires in the province, all three parties engaged in the treaty negotiations realized that their regularly scheduled meetings had to be put on hold. nstq areas like soda creek, williams lake, wildwood and canim lake. the gatherings became emotional, as the full extent of the destruction of nstq land became much clearer for those in attendance. following the video, the floor was opened for those wishing to share stories and ask questions about how each of the communities survived the summer. a powerpoint was also shown, detailing the recent promises made by both the federal and newly elected provincial governments to first nations’ with regards to improving upon and speeding up the treaty process. the meetings held in kamloops, vancouver and victoria also welcomed the nstq’s new urban regional liaison’s; charlotte gilbert (kamloops and area liaison) and michael tarbaj (vancouver and vancouver island area liaison). it was a great opportunity for members to meet the new liaisons, and vice versa, as they will be the contacts for all nstq members living in their areas who wish to engage more and to learn more about the treaty process and to be provided updates when available. we welcome all away-from-home nstq members to attend the next gatherings, which will be our christmas dinner gatherings during the week of november 26th, again in each of prince george, kamloops, kelowna, vancouver and victoria. (see schedule on page 4) soda creek member, anthony (ken) michel, addresses the crowd with a personal wildfire story. urban outreach liaison for kamloops area (charlotte gilbert) makes the rounds introducing herself to those in attendance. kamloops crowd watching the ‘after the wildfires’ video. these urban outreach gatherings instead focused on “after the wildfires”, and how each community faced the situation head on, after the fires began in the early days of july 2017. after a delicious meal enjoyed by all at each venue, a twenty minute video was put together and was screened at each of the gathering locations, so that nstq away-from-home members could get a better grasp of what their communities, friends and families went through during this difficult situation of evacuations and alerts for weeks on end. the video showcased a mix of interviews with community members and nstq leaders, still photos showing fires, smoke, firefighting, and aerial video shot from a helicopter flying over the fire devastation of our martina camille holding the finished pitch product. photo dene moore members fully engaged watching the ‘after the wildfires’ video treaty team member, sxfn self-governance coordinator hank adams, addresses the crowd while canim lake self- governance coordinator helen henderson looks on. pitch making by gertrude harry on september 11th, our community health representa- tive, martina camille invited one of our elders, clara camille, to teach and dem- onstrate a lesson on preparing pitch. pitch is used as a healing medicine for our people - malignly for scrapes and cuts. in order for us to prepare it, we needed used coffee cans that were heated by a propane burner outside. once we melt- ed the pitch, we added vaseline and stirred it constantly to make it smooth- photo: dene moore photo: kelyn paul er. after that, it was poured into small con- tainers of all sorts and then left to sit until ready to use. photo: kelyn paul
by dave feil, fisheries coordinator it has been a busy past couple of months, wrapping up the catch monitor season and installing the coho enumeration fence out at mckinley creek. catch monitoring catch monitoring this year was a challenge, due to the wildfire activity we only had two sites monitored in august, sheep creek bridge and gang ranch. we were able to get soda creek monitors started in late august. monitors worked until september 18th this year. fish numbers have been very low this year; we recorded only 421 sockeye, 8 chinook, and 16 pink salmon that were retained from the fraser river. mckinley coho enumeration fence we started setting up the coho fence at mckinley creek on september 28th this year, and had it fish tight by october 1st. it was much easier of an installation due to extremely low water levels and the purchase of new fence materials this year. how the fence works is the fish swim up to the fence and try to find away around, they bump along until they find the opening into the live box, where they can swim in but not out. at that point we capture the fish with a large dip net and proceed to measure the fishes length, sex and condition. this data is recorded and at the end of the season is provided to dfo stock assessment for use in management estimates. we have yet to see a coho at the fence this year, hopefully will start seeing them soon. fisheries update october, 2017 the next couple of months will be busy, monitoring the coho fence, and doing stream walks and floats for coho and getting ready for meeting season. northern shuswap tribal council welcomes heather williamson as traditional researcher has cree nation heather is cree and metis on her mother’s side, a descendant from sturgeon lake in northern alberta and metis and irish decent on her father’s side. heather grew up on secwepemc territory in 100 mile house, bc. her spouse and two children are secwepemc from canim lake band. recently heather completed the aboriginal youth internship program where she spent nine months in victoria working for the ministry of indigenous relations and reconciliation in the implementation and land services branch, and also three months working for canim lake band treaty office. heather is now working with the northern shuswap tribal council as a traditional researcher. she will be doing research on traditional use, governance and laws - and how this relates to children and families. while working towards a degree in justice studies, heather hopes to continue to grow her passion for aboriginal justice. when not studying or working, in the winter, you can often find her with her family at the arena watching her kids play hockey or public skating as a family. nstq welcomes new child & family program coordinator karen marshall joins the nstq as program coordinator, child and family services and is very honoured to be part of this work. she is from the miq’maq nation in nova scotia, but has lived in b.c. since 1983. she has two children who live in toronto and three grandchildren who look forward to visiting her in williams lake next summer. karen’s background includes aboriginal child and family services with two delegated aboriginal agencies and the ministry of child and family development. she has strong convictions about the need for better services for aboriginal children, youth and families and believes we can create a system that is healthier, more compassionate, and responsive to the true needs of individuals and families. karen has also worked in the justice field in a number of roles. several years were spent as a civilian employee of the rcmp working with aboriginal policing and as a restorative justice trainer across the country. she was also involved in the early days of developing victim/ witness services in bc. volunteer work has also played a major role in karen’s life. most recently, she was a public education lead and disaster response volunteer with the red cross and has a keen interest in this work. other volunteer work has included habitat for humanity, the north peace justice society, the north peace women’s resource society and the victoria impact council for family and community wellness. karen looks forward to getting to know the nstq communities and learning how best she can serve to help realize their goals for children and families. hide tanning by kelyn paul on the weekend of october 13 - 15 our elders mary boston and doreen harry hosted a hide tanning workshop available to everyone. the event was a great successes we had just enough hides available for everyone. the first steps of routine required trimming and scraping all of the hair off of the hides. once this was done, they soaked the hides overnight before scraping again to make sure the hide was clean from hair, then followed by th rinsing process with soap and water before storing in garbage bags to freeze until next spring when they plan to finish the last steps of the process. photos: kelyn paul page 2 lexey’em november/december 2017
new nstq outreach urban liaisons kamloops & area weytk! i am charlotte gilbert your outreach urban liaison for the kamloops area. this position is short term so i will be in this position until the end of june 2018. for those that do know me; my not is gabriel larue father from kamloops indian band and my mother is agatha thomas from the williams lake band. my grandparents from kamloops indian band, are my xpe7e antoine larue and kye7e mary larue. my kye7e’s second husband is eddy bennett. my grandparents from williams lake band, are my xpe7e frank thomas (toma) and my kye7e clothilde thomas. i have three wonderful sons: bernard (bernie), anthony (tony) and francis (frank) and six awesome grandbabies: dayton, garry, catalaya, keona, dashawn and landen. my fantabulous husband is irvine johnson; we have been together for 21 years. as a result of our relationship we are both blessed with more children, grandbabies and great grandbabies. this is so cool. i lived in sugar cane for 25 years since 1992. we; my sons and i were blessed to have a house and had many precious happy times and hard times; all good. irvine and i have been living in kamloops for a year now; how time flies. we enjoy kamloops; for the weather and all the conveniences it provides us as elders. as outreach urban liaison coordinator,my primary purpose is to meet with our nstq members and keep them informed of their treaty and to gather our members input to take back to the treaty team. my first task is to coordinate with our members on the child and family chapter to inform them and to gather your thoughts on the child and family chapter and report back to the treaty team. there are many ways that this can happen; meet for coffee, house visits and for lunch. i am very flexible for time; i can meet at reasonable times during the day, evenings and weekends. i am busy organizing and coordinating myself; getting all the materials i need to do this. please give me a shout as to when i can meet with you. contact information email address: firstname.lastname@example.org work cell: (250) 319-8862 respectfully, charlotte gilbert vancouver / vancouver island good day, my name is michael tarbaj. as of october 2017, i am your new outreach urban liaison servicing the greater vancouver and van- couver island areas. i am eager to get to work and am looking forward to working with all of you and the treaty team. as an outreach urban liaison, my primary purpose is to meet with you, our nstq members living away from home/ off reserve; keeping you informed on the progress of the nstq treaty, and to gather input and ideas which will help the treaty team move forward in treaty negotiations. my family history: my grandparents, walter & elsie gaspard (mashue/ o’brien) were born in canoe/dog creek. my mother is violet symington (gaspard) from the canoe creek band. i have two amazing daughters, cara & paige, who are also members of the canoe creek band. i am excited to be part of the treaty process, so please feel free to contact me to provide me with your current contact details so i may keep you updated with the prog- ress of the treaty. preferably, call any day of the week, be- tween 10:00 am and -7:00 pm. i’d love to meet over cof- fee or lunch, and i’ll also be available by arranging home visits if you would prefer. i’m looking forward to meeting sincerely, everyone! mike tarbaj here are some suggestions for self care: • be kind to yourself • take walks and exercise • get out on the land • smudge, pray, sing • sew, drum, dance • spend time with family and friends • laugh, cry, talk • meditate, sleep, get plenty of rest • seek spiritual or religious support • eat healthy foods • ask for help the following resources may be helpful: children and teens are especially vulnerable during times of crisis. for information and resources about how to help kids recover, go to this web site: http://www.redcross. ca/crc/documents/what-we-do/emergencies-and- disasters-cdn/home-and-family/guide-to-recovery_ parents-and-caregivers_en.pdf reference: taken from canadian red cross, health canada, coping with emotional reactions canada.ca/health kuu-us crisis line 1-800-588-8717 – toll free 250-723-2040 (child & youth line) 250-723-4050 (adult & elder line) operates a 24-hour provincial crisis line for first nations elders, adults, children and youth throughout bc, with a non-judgmental approach to listening and problem solving. services include the crisis line as well as follow-up or continuum care, risk assessments, safety monitoring, and 24-hour mobile outreach 24/7 crisis line 1-800-suicide 1-800-784-2433 24/7 province-wide toll-free number for people with concerns about their own or others’ suicidal thoughts and feelings kids help phone 1-800-668-6868 provides 24/7 province-wide toll free for young people struggling with a problem big or small. the lexey’em welcomes your letters to the editor lexey’em welcomes letters from its readers. our newspaper cannot exist without community involvement. we want to hear from you. what are your thoughts on the content? what are your thoughts on the nstq treaty process? what are your thoughts on what is happening in your community? what are your thoughts about secwepemc culture & heritage? we also welcome and accept any photos, stories or articles you’ve written, artwork you have created, etc. although we cannot guarantee inclusion into the lexey’em, if your sub- missions are approved for publication, we will be sure to contact you ahead of printing deadlines. names may be withheld at your request, but all submissions must be signed and include your name, postal address, phone number and email address (if applicable). anonymous sub- missions will not be accepted. we reserve the right to edit submitted material for clarity, brevity, grammar and good taste. please send your submissions to: brad mcguire (northern shuswap tribal council) post: 17 south first avenue, williams lake, bc, v2g 1h4 email: email@example.com fax: 250-392-6158 all opinions expressed in letters to the editor are purely those of the writer and have no association whatsoever to the views and/or policies of the lexey’em, its editor, the northern shuswap tribal council and/or its first nations member communities, the nstq treaty society, or the williams lake tribune. lexey’em november/december 2017 page 3 the canadian red cross has been working with the northern shuswap tribal council, community leadership and households to help people impacted by the recent wildfire. in partnership with the government of b.c. and financial donors, red cross has been providing services such as financial assistance, blankets, comfort kits, personal health items, vouchers for food and clothing, and much more. the red cross also emphasizes how important it is to acknowledge and manage the stress of dealing with disasters, and how it may affect you or others in your household or community. these are some common reactions people experience: behavioral flashbacks, agitation, appetite changes, addictions, quickness to anger, isolating oneself, mood swings, shock, conflict in relationships, difficulty concentrating. physical trouble sleeping, nightmares, stomach aches, nausea, general body aches, headaches, crying, panic attacks. emotional sadness, anger, frustration, feeling alone, mistrust of others, feelings of guilt, shame, blame, fear, hopelessness, overwhelmed. spiritual wondering about your spiritual/ religious beliefs, and/or values, doubting the goodness and kindness of people, not feeling in touch with yourself. important things to know: if you experience any of the symptoms listed here, please know this is not uncommon. if these symptoms last longer than a few weeks, consider talking to someone who can help you. it is important to reach out and talk to others to help you to deal with these feelings as soon as possible. do not remain alone if you are having thoughts of hurting yourself or hurting others. tell someone you feel safe with. these thoughts are often temporary and talking with someone you trust can really help. support is provided through counselling, or cultural supports such as elders or community workers who will listen, talk and provide support. the lexey’em is brought to you by the northern shuswap tribal council and the williams lake tribune. publisher: kathy mclean, williams lake tribune advertising: williams lake tribune editor: brad mcguire, nstc treaty department the lexey’em is an independent community newspaper, with bi-monthly issues published every second month by the williams lake tribune and northern shuswap tribal council. the lexey’em is available at the nstc office at 17 south first avenue in williams lake, as well as: three corners health society, knucwentwec child and family services society, williams lake public library, and at the cariboo friendship centre. you may also access it on the northern shuswap tribal council and nstq treaty group websites, or via each band office. it can also be sent out by email to members. if you wish to be on the nstq communications email list and you are an nstq registered member, please contact us at 250-392-7361
first nation’s leaders gathering - will promises hold true? by dene moore, sxfn treaty coordinator “it starts with respect and understanding. that’s where i come from personally, and that’s what i’m trying to instill in government.” those were the words b.c.’s new premier, john horgan, had for our nstq chiefs when they met with him earlier in september at the first nation’s leaders gathering. promising words, indeed, but the northern secwepemc and other b.c. first nations have seen many political prom- ises. it remains to be seen if, how and how quickly the new democrat government will follow through. their promises include implementing the united nations declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples (undrip), honouring the calls to action of the truth and reconciliation commission, and kick-starting treaty talks that have stalled for years un- der the former provincial liberal government. “everybody benefits, especially first nations who have been waiting at the treaty table for some time,” horgan told the chiefs during what was a brief but focussed meet- ing. it’s fair to say that the tone of the annual meeting organized by the first nations leadership council was much different this year than in years past. it is the first time in 16 years that b.c. has had anything other than a b.c. liberal government. fed- erally, the liberal government of prime minister justin trudeau has made similar promises about reconciliation and improving the relationship with the country’s in- digenous peoples. in august, the federal government split indigenous and northern affairs into two separate ministries - crown-indigenous relations and northern affairs and indigenous services – and last year promised canada would adopt and implement und- rip. horgan said the federal government’s message to b.c. has been that they, too, are “ready to go” on treaties. the proof, of course, will come when both levels of government finally and officially ‘sign’ the nstq agreement-in-principle, launching nstq into stage five - final negotiations. the po- litical climate has never been better for b.c. first nations to reach fair and just agreements with the two governments. xat’sull councillor gary sellars, tsq’escen’ chief mike archie, t’exelc chief ann louie, stswecem’c xgat’tem chief patrick harry and xat’sull councillor sheri sellars met with premier john horgan at the gathering, as well as indigenous relations and reconciliation minister scott fraser (not pictured). horgan admitted that the words that have come from governments past have been “hollow.” he pledged to be different. nstq leaders met with horgan and indigenous relations minister scott fraser. chief patrick harry also met with forests minister doug donaldson and the premier’s chief of staff, geoff meggs. meggs was joined by indige- nous relations deputy minister laurel nash and chief ne- gotiator mark lofthouse. the message to all was consistent: nstq is ready to move quickly toward a treaty as soon as they have a partner sit- ting across the table committed to reaching a deal. and the message was consistent coming back: the new b.c. govern- ment wants to be that partner. let’s hope that’s true. council members sheri sellars and gary sellars attended the gathering on behalf of xat’sull. chris wycotte (treaty manager) and chief ann louie, both of t’exelc, along with nstq treaty team coordinator, beth bedard, listen to presenters at the annual first nations leaders gathering in vancouver on september 6 & 7, 2017. the annual gathering was jointly organized this year by the first nations leadership council and the b.c. ministry of indigenous relations and reconciliation. “the province has been in dark places for far too long,” ed john, grand chief of the first nation summit, told leaders at the gathering. “we’ve waited a long time for the stars to align federally and provincially. and now we are there.” yes, b.c. first nations have been at moments like this before and been denied, he said. but this time feels different, he added. t’exelc chief anne louie talked about her community’s experiences with the wildfires this past summer on an emergency management panel with, among others, solicitor general mike farnworth. contacts page 4 lexey’em november/december 2017
orange shirt day in williams lake – a sea of orange by monica lamb-yorski special to the lexey’em – reprinted with permission and courtesy of the williams lake tribune hundreds of school children, their teachers, parents, elders and people from the community gathered in williams lake’s boitanio park friday september 29th to mark orange shirt day (which is recognized on either september 30th, or 29th – depending on what works best for each community’s event) inspired by the personal story of phyllis webstad who went to residential school and was stripped of her brand new orange shirt on her first day of school, orange shirt day acknowledges the impact of residential schools on first nations in canada with a message which emphasizes that “every child matters”. williams lake indian band (t’exelc) councillor heather mckenzie gave a traditional welcome on behalf of the band. “i am very honoured to provide a welcoming to each of you,” mckenzie said as she looked out in to the crowd. “the colour is beautiful and matches our autumn. autumn was a day that made all of our children aware of where they had to be.” that place was a sad place, she added. cheryl chapman, xat’sūll first nation education coordinator a name she chose or her parents had chosen. “father thomas gave me that name. father thomas named my cousin. he gave us our names, we did not have a choice.” before cheryl chapman from xat’sūll first nation and mike retasket from bonaparte first nation taught everyone two traditional first nations songs, chapman said orange shirt day is great because it challenges her. “i know it is my job to help make our shared future together better,” she said. retasket thanked school district 27 for supporting meaningful change by teaching about canada’s residential school history. “thank you also for validating that every child matters,” retasket said. mary thomas of t’exelc first nation “we ask the great spirit every day that he look after those that have been lost to the residential school,” mckenzie said. “thanks to phyllis webstad — she has made orange shirt day a legacy.” esket elder francis johnson sr.’s hoop dancing students from marie sharpe elementary school performed two dances. “we are going to do a four directions healing song for all the residential school survivors,” johnson said. williams lake indian band (t’exelc) elder mary thomas shared some insights from her experiences as a residential school survivor and the abuses she experienced. “we lost many, many skills,” thomas told the students. “we lost our culture, our values, our customs and most of all, our language.” thomas said when she was speaking with her mother one day, she told her mom that for some reason she was beginning to remember secwepemctsin words. “she said, ‘you were fluent up until you were six years old,’ ”, thomas said as tears filled her eyes. “i don’t even remember being fluent. i went to residential school, i didn’t even know my name or where i came from.” later she learned her name was mary thomas, but it was not mark wintjes, school district 27 superintendent orange shirt day has been celebrated in williams lake since 2012. orange shirt day founder, phylliswebstad was in victoria from sept. 27 until sept. 30 visiting various schools and colleges to talk about and spread the message of orange shirt day. she also took part in a public ceremony at victoria’s city hall. (see story in this issue of the lexey’em: b.c. legislature shines spotlight on orange shirt day) b.c. legislature shines spotlight on orange shirt day horgan admitted that the words that have come from governments past have been “hollow.” he pledged to be different. nstq leaders met with horgan and indigenous relations minister scott fraser. chief patrick harry also met with forests minister doug donaldson and the premier’s chief of staff, geoff meggs. meggs was joined by indige- the message to all was consistent: nstq is ready to move quickly toward a treaty as soon as they have a partner sit- ting across the table committed to reaching a deal. and the message was consistent coming back: the new b.c. govern- of told inspired orange shirt day society president phyllis webstad (left) stands with scott fraser, minister indigenous relations and reconciliation (right) – with eddy charlie, back left, bear horne, kristen spray, hank adam and monique pat on the steps of the b.c. legislature september 28th. by monica lamb-yorski special to the lexey’em – reprinted with permission and courtesy of the williams lake tribune the woman who the creation of orange shirt day was joined by members of the b.c. legislature in victoria on thursday september 28th to raise awareness of the residential school legacy. orange shirt society president, phyllis webstad, was in the gallery for the morning session where she was introduced by scott fraser, the minister of indigenous relations and reconciliation and acknowledged in a speech by cariboo chilcotin liberal mla donna barnett. in the “it was exciting to be legislature,” webstad the tribune. “my visit there was not a political thing. when i received the invitation from the indigenous minister’s office i thought if people in this colonial setting are willing to have a conversation about the impacts of residential school, that’s a good thing.” webstad shared her story publicly webstad said she is humbled and honoured that her orange shirt story is important to so many people and that it is a vehicle for change. it is a day, and message, that is gaining significance across canada, and beyond. “my orange shirt story opens the door to discussion on a not- so-easy to talk about subject — indian residential schools,” webstad said. “seeing the children in their orange shirts and learning about the true history of canada’s first people gives me hope that the lives of my grandsons will be different and better than what i have experienced in my life.” government members joined webstad on the steps of the b.c. parliament building to highlight the campaign and its message that “every child matters.” people from different political parties stood together - wearing orange shirts. “they put aside everything else to be there for one reason — to honour residential school survivors.” since in 2013, orange shirt day events are happening and gaining strenghth throughout b.c., across canada, and even internationally now, to raise awareness of the treatment of children at residential schools. as for the colour orange, webstad said that it is still not a favourite, but she has learned to embrace it in a positive way to remind herself that she does matter. the campaign began embroidery • screen printing promotional products 497 n. 11th avenue • ph: 250-392-5078 • fax: 250-392-5739 www.treadpro.ca sugar cane treadpro willie sure, manager p: 250.296.4453 f: 250.296.4473 2579 cariboo hwy 97 s williams lake xwexwne creations louise alphonse, owner phone 250-574-8002 email: firstname.lastname@example.org • beadwork • moccasins • photographer lexey’em november/december 2017 page 5 for the first time in may 2013 during a panel discussion on the residential school legacy that took place at a school district 27 pro-d day event in williams lake. she recalled how she was sent to the st. joseph mission residential school near williams lake in 1973 as a six year old, leaving her home at dog creek (xgat’tem first nation) where she lived with her grandmother because her mom had left to work in canneries in the u.s. and canada. on her first day of school, webstad was stripped of the brand new orange shirt her grandmother had bought for her. “nobody cared that i had feelings or that i was upset,” webstad said at the time. “it was like i didn’t matter and i think that’s what the colour orange meant to me from then on.” her story touched the hearts of first nations and non-first nations alike, and resulted in the first-ever orange shirt day being celebrated in williams lake and 100 mile house in september 2013. today,
reflections of a far east trip to china by canim lake dancers, singers and drummers submitted by: lenora christopher, canim lake social services on august 24, 2017, i was asked, on behalf of our danc- ers, if we wanted go to guangzhou, china (from september 27th to october 9th). my response was “yes!”, as i con- tinued on doing other band business. that day got so busy, i almost forgot about this, and again on saturday august 26 i got a call on my cell. “really, we need to know if you want go to china and again my response was “yes”, and i hang up. chief archie called back, again; “no really, we need your confirmation… do you want go china? if so - don’t hang up!” so, i listened and again confirmed that i was ‘in’ for the trip. from british columbia went to china, and we were so privi- leged to have six of the ten representing our canim lake band community. we (dancers and singers) were at the start of the per- formances. the drummers and singers were canim lake rainbow drummers and 4 winds. lead singers were terry frank, jerome boyce, henriette michel and carole frank. the canim valley singers were up next followed by 4 winds. then, the canim lake eliza archie memorial drum- mers and singers completed our performance. our canim lake representatives were: princess jayleen michell of canim lake pow wow - danced traditional, fancy, jingle. rodney meldrum – danced traditional, grass. alana dick - danced traditional, fancy, jingle. alyssa christopher – danced fancy, jingle. victoria frank - danced/sang/drummed traditional, fancy, jingle lenora christopher - danced/sang/drummed (canim lake band representative and organizer (l-r)lenora christopher, victoria frank, alyssa christo- pher, jayleen michell, alana dick, rodney meldrum. (left to right) eric xu, lenora christopher, victoria frank, rodney meldrum, wing, jayleen michell, alana dick, alyssa christopher) (left to right) alana dick, lenora christopher, jayleen michell, alyssa christopher, victoria frank. i thought we were guaranteed for the trip, so i was sur- prised when we got the call to say we were one of three in the finals from across canada and they were doing the bids. the next day we were notified - we were going to chi- na! many tasks needed to be com- pleted in short order for the travelling members; getting passports, crafts, photos of dance style, status cards for secondary identification, birth certifi- cates, creating powerpoints, gather- ing written statements of individuals history and dance style they would be doing, etc. we had 3 people drop out and had to replace them at the last minute, as time was running out to complete the visa work for travel to china. thank heavens, as the last person we asked already had a passport and just had to complete the visa documentation. on our flight, the first stop was hong kong (6,800 km and 14 hours in the air) leaving from vancouver at 4 am on the 28th of september. un- fortunately, the flight was delayed 2 hours, so we missed our connecting flight to guangzhou. we had to take a three hour bus ride instead, but discovered the beautiful countryside along the way. the beginning of the festival was the day we arrived. as the organizers were worried about our probable jet-lag, they placed us early in the opening ceremonies for a brief five minutes. we ended up being seen on national news, with five seconds of air time – viewed by a minimum of 20 mil- lion chinese residents! we were happy to have some free time to explore, while also re-scheduling a photo shoot and a wonderful meal with three companies. our days started at 10:00 am in our dressing room. we did four presentation’s a day along with various photo shoots with the audience. a total of ten representatives page 6 lexey’em november/december 2017 guangzhou mall; 5 sections, 6 floors, stage and also aquarium. i requested a tour for our group as we had two young ones with us. we were so fortunate to visit and see: • famous shopping streets in guangzhou and the tianhe square (located in xincheng district) is the proudest shop- ping area and entertainment district. • guangzhou zoo; the largest zoo in south china with over 2,000 animals including the giant panda (but parts of the zoo were under construction so we didn’t see panda’s or elephants ) • a moonlight pearl river cruise tour through the city.ex- pedia price guaranteeyou’re getting the lowest possible rate.we promise.opens in a new window • the canton tower (or guangzhou tower) was formally the guangzhou tv/astronomical and sightseeing tower which is 604 meters tall. • guangzhou mall; 5 sections with 6 floors, 2 of which were still under construction and the stage for pre- sentations. we got to ride subways and taxi cabs through the busy city as it was start of celebration. we got to eat at a famous restau- rant, with our host, alex, who is the owner of three restaurants in china and his father also has three in can- ada, with one located in vancouver. many people have been ask- ing us how we got this “chance of a lifetime”. we have done many pre- sentations over the years, but after performing at the red coach inn and martin exeter hall in 100 mile house in 2015 for about 30 or 40 chinese visiting delegates, they appreciated the performances so much that they requested and invited our canim lake dancers and singers to perform for the 2016 chinese new year (the year of the rooster) celebra- tions in richmond and vancouver. from that experience, we were presented with the opportunity to visit guang- zhou, china. all my life, i never dreamed of going so far, but my hus- band travelled abroad in 1979, when our son derek was only a few months old. uncle joe archie wanted go to flan- ders field, as he was a veteran of the war. i told frank he had to go with uncle joe, as he needed this in his life and said “derek and i will be fine”. it was a trying time as a new mom at the time, but we managed with help of family. i am so proud and thankful that i, too, have now had the op- portunity to travel abroad, to asia! i believe we represented the canim lake band commu- nity, shuswap nation and bc’s first nations as a whole, in a very good way. i say ‘thank you’ to the canim lake band and to my family and friends - as the good words make me work harder, and i will always do my best for our people. special thanks also to the community members who live away from home who helped us with places to stay in bc before our trip, so that we could get passports and visa information completed and submitted on time. i also wish to thank james wu, who was our contact person from van- couver to china. canim lake members’ introductions and china trip reflections lenora christopher is a canim lake band mem- ber. i have attended pow wow for the last 38 years and my old- est son was new born at the time i started. i now have 5 children of my own and also vari- ous foster children (38). my uncle henry wanted to go to the mission, bc pow wow. he was al- ready dancing for about 5 years; we attended, and have continued on the pow wow trail ever since. i continue to pow wow to show my children that there is a way and place we can go with no exposure to alcohol and drugs.
good! i’m happy i got to show the people of china how we dance at powwows. (danielle, jayleen’s mother says, “i am very grateful my daughter had this opportunity to go to china! this was a once in a lifetime chance and she took it!”) en name is xwexwne and my bor- rowed name is alana, am from princess jayleen michell is 12 years old and was born in ka- mloops, british columbia. she is of nlakapamux (thompson) and shuswap decent. she is also learning the okanagan culture. jayleen’s nlakapamux name is pe- tekw which means little spring- water. she has been dancing since before she could walk. she is self-taught. jayleen would sit and watch the older dancers and then just go out there and dance. jayleen’s regalia has been a family effort to put together. her mom, sister, aunties, and grandpa have all sewed and beaded for her. jayleen has traveled to many powwows throughout canada and the usa. she is currently the powwow princess for her father’s community of tsq’escen (canim lake). outside of powwows jay- leen very much loves sports and the outdoors. she loves playing basketball, softball, and volley- ball. she is also learning the ranch life and learning to ride horses and her goal is to start barrel rac- ing. in both her mother and fa- ther’s family’s her grandparents are fluent language speakers and traditional knowledge keepers of their communities. so jayleen knows and is continually learning the culture and language of the nlakapamux, shuswap and okan- agan nations. jayleen will also be making a guest appearance on an aboriginal people television net- work (aptn) series in early 2018. china reflection: i’m happy i got to go to china. the trip was my name is alyssa mary chris- topher, shuswap name smúk- we7ce, meaning sunflower. i dance fancy and jungle, i can also sing and drum. i am 25 years old. am, first nations from the canim lake reservation in bc. i sing and dance to lift up my heart, as well as others. china reflection: before we flew over, i felt nervous, anxious, and curious. because, i’ve had never traveled so far before. i was excit- ed to be one of the people asked to go on this journey. it was good to meet the interpreters (johnny, charlotte, eric, wing and lindsay) they were very helpful and did a good job. i enjoyed all of the good moments, and was excited about a lot of things. it was a great ex- perience to get out into the world. it made me smile, to be able to dance in regalia for the people. it was awesome to be able to go to the zoo, aquarium, the boat cruise, and to the top of canton tower. was different being some- where else, so amazed of a lot of beautiful things. it was a change trying new foods and a whole new experience being somewhere i never thought i’d be. thank you for everything. i am so grateful i had the opportunity to go. the many good memories will make me smile. my name is alana julia dick, 15 years old, i do old style jingle/ fancy, singer, lahel player. my giv- canim lake. i do photography, long boarding and photography. china reflection: i found china very interesting. a lot of things were different and i’m happy that i made new friends and learned new things. it was good experi- ence. hi, i am rodney rupert meldrum, my dance styles are men’s tradi- tional and men’s grass, age 41, i am of shuswap, chilcotin, and cree first nations. i grew up danc- ing and singing at pow wows. i am also a lehal player, and enjoy traveling to as many tournaments as i can. i am very family oriented; i have 5 children, with 3 of them still at home. my wife and i also have our grandnephew living with us. i have traveled around the world many times due to my culture and have performed in 8 countries. victoria bridget rose frank, also known as little shadow. i am 32 years old shuswap and from canim lake indian band, bc. i am native drummer, singer and i also do native dances. a jingle dress dance that helps sent prayers for the people in need and it sounds like rain pouring down. another dance that i do is a fancy dance that represents the butterfly. i was also the princess for my com- munity for 2 years and represent- ed my community well. china reflection: i enjoyed going to china for 10 days to represent our canim lake shuswap band. we did powwow dancing and singing our shuswap songs on a hand drum to do presentations for the chinese festival that we got invited to attend. our presen- tations were from 11 am till 4pm in the 7 floor mall of the grand- view mall. on our spare time we did a photo shoot, visit the zoo, the aquarium, canton tower and evening river boat cruise. i was so honored to be asked to go on a once in a life time opportunity. china reflection: china was great!! spent quality time with my daughter alana, enjoyed all the laughs with the other per- formers and interpreters. whirl wind tour even to get started, had 4 weeks to get alana’s birth certificate and passport, but with help got it done on time. most memorable above the sights and food was the company. thank you to all the organizers and canim lake indian band. johnny, one of our interpreters wrote this on the group wechat page: “i remembered the first time we met in the bus where we do not know each other so well, it was sort of a nervous time for me because i was going to take care of your team for a week regard- ing food, accommodation, and stages for your peforming. after going through all these days full of ups and downs, i got to know that rod is benevolent father and all-time pranker, victoria is kind of cool and don’t like new things, i guessed, jayleen and alana are two little picky doves, alyssa is a music lover; her laughing always drives me crazy, and lenora is amiable; telling me about every- thing. i`ve learnt a lot that mat- ters in the rest of my life. thanks for coming to china to introduce your sacred traditional dances for all chinese people. we are privileged to have some guys like you, savoring the beauty of every single move of the dances.” lyndsay dixon (not pictured) as- sisted us with creation of a pow- erpoint presentation, and with photos of each person and their style of dance. the china trip or- ganizers also requested informa- tion and photos on the bc wild- fires which took place during the summer and how our canim lake community survived through it all. eliza archie memorial school special events submitted by: janice frank, eams principal circle of life-aids walk took place on september 29, 2017. the event was spearheaded by antoinette archie and elsie archie in 1998, the kye7es of the school. every year the students gain awareness and support the aids walk. canim lake band and white feather family centre thank new relationship trust for grant which helped fund bc elders gathering trip orange shirt day, september 29, 2017: eams has supported and drummed for the orange shirt day event every year since the event began. the students drum and sing with pride and dignity. eliza archie memorial school does the hill climb every year in september. this year we travelled up on september 15, 2017 with the assistance of the health and safety crew, martin dixon, eddy dixon and don dixon, they ensure that our venture is safe.. we start up on the mountain at 11:00 am with vehicles and then the students walk up to the plateau, there they have lunch and drum and sing. we also made it to bob lake this year where they got to see the kokanee fish . we return by 3 back to the school. hill climb on behalf of the canim lake band and our elders, we would like to thank new relationship trust for their generous and ongoing support for our community. the 2017 nrt elders grant initia- tive was approved for our elders in the amount of $2,000.00 to assist with the transportation costs for our elders and their health care team to attend the annual bc elders gathering, which was held this year in campbell river. our elders gathering trip had a special twist this year; as the day we were leaving for vancouver island, our community was evacuated due to the gustafsen lake wildfire, with highways closed in and out of town. we had to get our most frail elders out by the only backroad still open out of our community. some of our elders were evacuated by bus north to prince george in the middle of the night and were unable to attend the bc elders gathering. the younger elders that were able to, stayed back to help assist with the evacuations, food gathering, bedding and whatever else needed to be done. canim lake band has an ex- cellent emergency response plan with an organized team that made quick decisions. we would also like to thank the firefighters, red cross and ess personnel and volunteers, as well as the many family, friends and neighbors for keeping us safe and meeting the needs of so many people in a short time. yours sincerely, lisa haerttrich lexey’em november/december 2017 page 7
williams lake indian band – treaty manager report by chris wycotte [editors note: this is a “pre-wildfires” report, from july 2017] it’s been 14 months since nstq membership has given the nstq leadership a mandate to proceed to final agreement negotiations. however, we have not officially begun final agreement negotiations for a number of reasons, including the provincial elections and a lack of mandates for both the federal and provincial governments. during a provincial or federal election both levels of government have to dissolve their governments in order to elect a new government. because the governments are dissolved, no formal decisions can be made until a new government is formed and new ministers are appointed. ministers are then chosen to form a new cabinet. it is the cabinet that makes most of the formal decisions. one of the decisions that was left on the table when the 2016 election was called was the approval and signing of the nstq agreement-in-principle. we cannot proceed to final agreement negotiations until the aip is formally approved and signed by the federal and provincial cabinets. the federal government could have and should have signed the aip but they say they are waiting for the province get their government in order before they formalize the approval of our aip. a change over in government usually takes up to 6 months. however, there is some level of uncertainty with the provincial elections because of how close the election results were. as of today, two months after the election, there is still no government in place to govern bc. no one knows how long it is going to take to form the next government or whether there will be another election. if the governor- in-general is not satisfied that neither the liberal or ndp parties are capable of forming the next government. a new election could be called immediately. in the meantime, we wait for the aip to be signed so that we can officially get back to negotiating. while we wait, however, we have doing a lot of work to prepare for when negotiations do start. we have a list of 63 outstanding issues that we have to prioritize for negotiations. on may 25 – 26, 2016, the nstq chief negotiator, in association with the nstq treaty team and nstq legal counsel, participated in a work planning workshop held in williams lake to develop the following key principles to guide us during final agreement negotiations. the principles are as follows: 1. to ensure that the citizens of the nstq nations, both those living on home reserves and those afar, are directly and deeply engaged in the entire process of planning for and holding negotiations with bc and canada. 2. the final agreement is not bound or driven by the agreement-in-principle but rather uses that agreement as a framework to negotiate the final agreement. by this, it is meant that the eventual final agreement must be guided by the most current evolution in law and policy including but not restricted to: a. the nstq declaration as developed by the northern secwepemc people in 2014; b. the united nations declaration on the rights of indigenous rights (undrip); c. the “calls to action” by the truth and reconciliation commission, chaired by justice murray sinclair; d. the ministerial mandate letters from prime minister justin trudeau to his cabinet, and especially the one to the minister of indigenous and northern affairs, dr. carolyn bennett; e. the decision of the supreme court of canada in tsilhqot’in nation v british columbia 2014 scc 44 and f. the spirit and intent of section 35 of the 1982 constitution act 3. the process and its substantive outcome must reflect a relationship of equality and respect, dedicated to reconciliation, among the participating governments. as such it will be consistent with the spirit and letter of the report of the british columbia claims task force of june 28, 1991. 4. for greater clarity, the process and substance of the final agreement is in no way bound by terms and conditions of completed treaties in british columbia nor by emerging treaties for other nations in the bc treaty process. the nstq final agreement will be negotiated by the nstq for the nstq. 5. the work plan itself is a living document subject to revision and change requiring consensus among the nstq communities. during the workshop, a multi-year strategic workplan was also develop to include a strategy around community engagement and communication, additional lands (private and crown), governance, title and rights, fiscal/finance and process. on may 29, 2017, we met with bc and canada to develop a list of high priority nstq interests for negotiations. the list developed is as follows: 1. priorities for negotiations; • update from the provincial water management branch on the status of: - interim water reservations for nstq vs. other water licences issued; - impacts of climate change; - volumes for water reservation; groundwater. • clarify expiry date of the existing land offer. • report from canada on impact of deschenaux and daniels cases on eligibility & enrolment. • clarification on funding as it relates to the shuswap nation tribal council and the tsilhqot’in negotiations. • review and clarify matters as they relate to collective title. • update from bc on impact of bc election • update on the federal and provincial mandates for final agreement negotiations. • clarification and resolution of treaty funding and debt. • clarification and resolution of the nstq harvest area. • review preamble wording as it relates to certainty (reconciliation and recognition. modification vs. non-assertion. orderly process and periodic review) • clarify the status of existing highway signs (after interregnum period) resume range chapter negotiations. • clarify bc mandates related to land quantum based on the tsilhqot’in decision and which includes a review of bc’s land valuations. • clarify issues related forestry including: - domestic use of timber - domestic use of timber products; non- timber forest products. - annual allowable cut and cultural - department of national defense • review and clarify mandates for certainty. (military block) migratory birds • clarify and negotiate the impacts of omnibus bills on title and rights, and. • clarify mandates to negotiate a nstq museum and cultural center. these are only a few of the outstanding issues but these are the ones that we feel that would be important to begin the final agreement negotiations when we get back to negotiating. nstq continues to hold monthly tripartite working group meetings with bc and canada to share information and develop a workplan for negotiations. other working groups have been formed to address specific outstanding issues. these working groups include children and families, lands, fiscal/finance, range and governance. the purpose of these working groups is to implement various aspects of the nstq final agreement negotiations multi-year work plan (as amended from time-to-time) which are assigned to each working group. for example, the range working group will review all the outstanding issues related to range and try to establish workable solutions that can be immediately included in the final agreement. this will include having one on one meetings with any rancher impacted by our land selections to discuss options to resolve the impacts or concerns. this may even mean discussing a “willing buyer and willing seller” option. the main issues related to ranches are grazing interests, water rights and access. wherever workable solutions cannot be reached through general discussions at the working group level, the issue will be brought to the negotiation table for negotiation. fortunately, many of the outstanding issues can be resolved at the negotiation table by relying on case law or other agreements to support various arguments. however, whenever a stalemate is reach at the negotiation table on the more critical issues, the issue usually goes to people who have higher authority in government to make a final decision. an example of this was jurisdiction over children and families. the province, at first, insisted that they would never give up jurisdiction over nstq children and families. they insisted that this was a hill they would die on. this issue eventually went to the chief negotiator who took it to the nstq chiefs. meetings were arranged with federal and provincial ministers, deputy ministers and all parties’ legal counsels. both the federal and provincial governments eventually agreed to turn jurisdiction of children and families over to nstq. gaining jurisdiction over any interest is a step toward self-government because it now means that nstq can write its own laws and policy as it relates to children and families. we know and have heard from our membership that the current system is not working for nstq. we also know that the main reason why it doesn’t work is that the present system is underfunded and the laws and policies are not culturally appropriate for the nstq. there are many other reasons why the current system is ineffective but these are the two main ones. we will be reviewing all the issues related to children and families and begin looking at how the laws and policies can be developed to meet the needs of nstq. while we have not completed the negotiations on land quantum, we have successfully negotiated jurisdiction over treaty settlement lands. this will mean that the control of these lands will be under the control of nstq and its laws. furthermore, there will be many areas where we will have to rely on experts to help develop a negotiation strategy. there will be other areas that nstq will be negotiating jurisdiction over but the areas that we are working on today include health, education, and social services. as we get further into our negotiations, there will be other areas that might require shared jurisdiction with either bc or canada. hopefully, we will be able to develop a list of areas where we will have jurisdiction and shared jurisdiction in the near future. we have been having working group meetings with the members living away from home to begin discussions about children and families and health. we are interested in what changes all nstq members would like to see in these areas. so far, we’ve had meetings in prince george, kamloops, kelowna, vancouver and victoria. we are just beginning to hold working group meetings in the communities. the first meeting was held at the deep creek gym. the next one is scheduled for canoe creek on july 13th. dates have not been set for the williams lake, canim lake and dog creek communities as of yet but hope set the dates so. these meetings provide members the opportunity to give their input into the development and negotiations of the nstq final agreement “dedicated to providing fast, courteous & informative prescription service” 250-398-8177 366 yorston street page 8 lexey’em november/december 2017 ranching rodeo history bc cowboy hall of fame history of williams lake contractors, forestry, liability, equipment, silviculture & ranch insurance museum of the cariboo chilcotin located in the tourism discovery centre 1660 s broadway ave open year round monday to saturday 10 am - 4 pm 250-392-7404 web: cowboy-museum.com email: email@example.com agencies group customer service first foremost! & ph: 250-398-9033 • toll free:1-888-696-1855 fax: 250-398-9063 • firstname.lastname@example.org unit d-280 n. 3rd ave. (3rd & cameron)
t’exelc natural resources management and economic development update **announcement** the wlib natural resource/economic development staff has moved to a satellite office downtown williams lake at 301-172 2nd ave north. the new phone numbers for staff are listed in the table below. email addresses remain the same. kukstemc. we have a new team member; kathy ferguson has joined our team as the natural resource/economic development executive assistant. she started working with us at the beginning of july. 1. coyote rock: an update on the status of the coyote rock infrastructure project and highway 97 4-laning coyote rock infrastructure project (crip): the frontage road is mostly complete with further work on the residential portion of the crip taking place this summer and fall. work was significantly interrupted by the wildfires, but we still expect our phase 2 to be completed by the end of the construction season. the commercial lots fronting the golf course are currently being marketed, and we expect overpass under construction near sutton/lexington subdivisions – august 2017 to begin marketing the residential development within in the spring of 2018. over the winter we will be going to the membership to seek approval of the lease structure for the crip in accordance with the wlib land code. highway four laning construction – august 2017 highway twinning: the highway 97 four laning has been well under way since august 2016. wlib has more than twenty members that have worked on the project, in everything from equipment operation, to archaeology monitoring to traffic control. the project has been progressing quickly and was slated to complete by the end of 2017, but due to the wildfire situation the finishing date will most likely be in the spring of 2018. we’d like to thank cantex for their assistance fighting the fires through ir#1. they helped us to protect the community, and without their efforts the damage could’ve been significantly worse. golf course: the coyote rock golf course has opened this year in may 2017 and is under new management gabe pukaz (owner of bell-e-acres golf/go-karts). if you would like to book a tee time, the hours of operation are 8am- 7pm (last tee-off pending daylight) 7 days a week and you can call 250-267-4653 (golf). please do not stop along the highway to hand resumes in to cantex due to safety reasons - if you are looking for work, please get your resumes in to shawna.philbrick@ williamslakeband.ca if you have any questions about the coyote rock infrastructure project or the highway 97 four-laning, please contact willie sellars or kirk dressler at the wlib natural resources town office 778-417-0190. if any community members living along the highway corridor have concerns regarding any of the highway or frontage road construction activities, please contact wenona gordon at 250-302-2876 or email wenona. email@example.com. 2. borland creek logging ltd. (bcl) update borland creek logging ltd crews had all been required to shut down working in the bush in early july due to high to extreme temperature and fire risk. crew members had been moved from working on various logging and silviculture projects to fire fighting on ir#1. all forestry crews are required to have basic fire fighting training and updated certification on a yearly basis. bcl had 15 crew members working on suppression activities on ir#1 supporting ministry and contract crews on ir#1 during the opening days of the fire and evacuation. bcl had a number of fire fighting equipment on site including a water tanker, suppression equipment, pumps, hose and vehicles to transport crews and equipment. as the fire begins to subside bcl will keep a smaller crew on patrol and work any hotspots that arise. the ministry continues to utilize helicopters to conduct “scanning” of the perimeter for hot spots on ir#1. bcl has also been requested and has provided first aid support to the 150 mile house and miocene areas during the extreme fire behavior while the hospital was closed and reliance on emergency transport vehicles and level 3 attendants was heavily relied upon. bcl had posted an etv and two staff at the 150 mile house fire station for a couple of weeks until the wl emergency room opened back up. upon re-entry for the wl area, bcl was also asked and provided first aid support at the boitanio mall for two weeks at the resiliency centre. it is hoped that high risk temperatures will soon lower and crews will be back to work in the field. bcl thanks all community members who assisted on the fires and provided support as the fire situation worsened in early to mid july. a development plan will be drafted to address areas of ir#1, 2, 3 and 3a for safety and clean up of hazards. these areas are incredibly dangerous as tree root systems have been burned out and trees will continue falling and be a risk until assessments are completed and danger trees are removed. any questions or concerns please do not hesitate to contract the office. any questions or concerns you have please do not hesitate to drop by the office or give aaron higginbottom a call at 778-417-0191. 3. mount polley mine update the williams lake indian band and soda creek indian band continue to work together to ensure environmental, economic and other community concerns related to the breach are meaningfully addressed. we will keep you updated on the next scheduled community meeting for mount polley. in the meantime internal meetings between wlib & soda creek indian band and mount polley & the first nations consultants have continued. if you would like to look over any of the mt. polley reports, remediation & monitoring information, log onto the mt. polley website. https://www.imperialmetals.com/ if you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact the nrm/ec dev department. 4. lands and resources update the lands office is working on completing the following laws for the williams lake indian band: 1. draft matrimonial real property law setting out rules and procedures applicable to use, occupancy and possession of wlib lands and the division of interests in these lands on the breakdown of a marriage involving at least one member 2. draft fire prevention law dealing with open burning and the storage and management of flammable materials on reserve lands. 3. draft animal control law which deals with rules and procedures applicable to the management of animals/ pets on reserve lands. we are ready to receive input on the first draft of this law. the lands office has been working with andy johnson, wlib law enforcement officer towards the eventual implementation of the above laws and we anticipate that the laws will become active in september 2017. the lands office will be planning community meetings to discuss the soon to be enacted laws of the wlib. in addition to the law development the lands department has been working on developing the forms required for land management following the wlib land code. for upcoming community discussions: 4. land use plan law - the subject matter of this law will be land use planning law, and provisions may include, but are not necessarily limited to: a) land use policies; b) land use zoning; c) land use plan(s) and future planning 5. nuisance trespass law - the subject matter of this law will be on trespass and nuisance including off highway recreational vehicle use, and provisions may include, but are not necessarily limited to: a) the appointment of officials responsible for regulating this law; b) rules and standards for trespass and nuisance; c) rules and standards regarding use of off highway recreational vehicle on wlib lands; d) means of or imposing penalties upon, individuals who fail to comply with the law. 6. cemetery / burial and cremation placement - this will include rules, standards and provisions that will be for the wlib reserves and may include, but are not necessarily limited to policies, permits and applications regarding the following: a) cemetery designation & lands / plot specifications; b) request for lot / lot ownership & number of burials per grave / lot; c) interment in the cemetery / cremation & grave markers; d) natural or green burial; e) ground maintenance; f) pet burials; traditional lands meeting next meeting: september 7th thursday at cjl from 5pm-7pm. dinner provided. if you have any lands questions, please feel free to call rhonda leech at 778-417-0192 ext. 103 or email at firstname.lastname@example.org invasive plants wenona & willie have been attending cariboo chilcotin invasive plant committee meetings. wenona has been attending the invasive species council of bc meetings. please contact wenona at wenona.gordon@ williamslakeband.ca if you have any questions or concerns regarding invasive plant management. fisheries management wenona, whitney, rhonda, & willie have attended or will be attending upper fraser fisheries conservation alliance meetings, fraser river aboriginal fisheries secretariat meetings, & other fisheries management meetings. if you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact the nrm/ec dev department. wildlife & ecosystem management wenona, willie & rhonda have been attending the northern secwepemc/flnro fish & wildlife meetings, regional agricultural wildlife committee meetings, & ecosystem restoration committee meetings. additionally, wenona has been participating in wildlife surveys with ministry of forests, lands & natural resource operations (flnro) – assisting with checking on gartersnake hibernaculum (den) along highway corridor lexey’em november/december 2017 page 9
and participating in painted turtle surveys. wenona has also been working with ecofor on bird surveys and will also work on wildlife & vegetation surveys along the formerly spectra energy pipeline (now enbridge). if you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact the nrm/ec. dev. department. several charcoal samples were recovered from excavation units at this site and will be sent in for carbon14 (c14) analysis. this will allow sugar cane to understand the depth of time, through which the site was utilised. storme sandy reflects on the secwepemc gathering and summer wildfires atlantic power for more information or if you have any questions, please drop by the band office and / or the lands office and pick up a fact sheet and a frequently asked question sheet on the atlantic power’s proposed project or come talk to rhonda leech. for more information, please contact the lands office at phone: 778-417-0192 and or email: rhonda.leech@ williamslakeband.ca 5. special projects update the fires within the cariboo region have dominated most of my time this summer. i had been helping fight fires during the evacuation of sugar cane & the city of williams lake. i took a few weeks off of work from august 5-19th and was fire fighting for the cariboo fire centre. willie sellars fire-fighting with crew from mexico. as things settle after the fires we’ve had this summer, i will provide more of a comprehensive update on the projects we have been working on for the next boo maga. if you have any questions, concerns or are curious with something that i have failed to mention, feel free to email me, willie.sellars@ williamslakeband.ca or phone me, 250.302.1883. kukstsetsemc me7 wiksten, willie sellars 6. 150 mile ranch despite the wildfires, things have continued to go well at the 150 mile ranch. currently, the ranch has 49 cows, 44 calves, two bulls and five yearlings. we had some challenges during the fire season, since the ranch was amongst the first properties evacuated when the fires began. we checked in regularly to make sure the cattle were doing okay during the fires, but our schedule for cutting hay got seriously interrupted and we had to let the cattle graze on fields that we would otherwise have cut. we’re irrigating now, but it’s likely that we will have to buy more hay for the winter than we had hoped. during the fire season, we supplied beef and eggs to feed the firefighters that were protecting the community of sugar cane. we continue to distribute eggs to the elder, and still have a quantity of beef that we want to use for community events. we had hoped to diversify into some different agricultural ventures this year, but the fires got in the way of a lot of things we had planned. we’re still having a successful season, though, and are hoping for decent beef prices this fall or we may be forced to hold onto some or all of our calves until the spring. all our rental suites are also occupied, so the ranch continues to generate some good income there. we’ll soon be developing some new signage for the ranch, so we’ll put pictures of that signage in the boo maga as soon as the concepts are developed. if you’re interested in what’s going on at the ranch, feel free to contact june harry at email@example.com kukstemc! by storme sandy my daughters; rainbow, paris and mom amy, went to the secwepemc gathering at splatcheen. my daughters played lahal, as did mary harry. my mom amy and i learned some of our secwepemc songs and dances which were taught by my dad, garry gottfriedson. these songs and dances included; the welcoming song, the swan song, the salmon song, the deer song, the horse song and the farewell song. roxanne stobie, jason kobelt, leo michel and willie alphonse jr. did our band and community proud by placing 1st in the golf tournament! i saw shawna, wilf and their children there playing baseball. jamie and april were there with their family as well. it was beautiful to see our nation come together as one. the southern and northern joined in unity. the splatcheen band/community also gathered food for winter supplies to all of the secwepemc bands that were affected by the wildfires. i brought my truck home filled to the max for the soda creek/ deep creek band and our williams lake band - to be distributed by our chief and council’s discretion. the splatcheen band is also canning salmon and whatever wild game they can hunt to help our families. there were so many stories of the wildfires from all the affected communities. these storeies were so powerful, about how everyone survived and remained hopeful; and about the traditions they used to protect their homes and communities. the generosity of our southern secwepemc communities was astounding. our people are strong. we are one. screen; and artifact recovered from fish processing site along highway 97, july 2017. photos: whitney spearing, 2017 other archaeology projects sugar cane archaeology is currently working with the ministry of transportation and infrastructure (moti) to deliver traditional use / ethnobotanical studies, as well as archaeological monitoring for the carson to toop road four-laning project. an ethnobotanical survey was conducted in early august, to ground-truth traditional use values from the wlib tus database. the results were a success, with more values than anticipated being recorded and photographed in the field. the results of this study will help inform fieldwork for the project through 2018. kinnikinnick; chokecherries identified during moti traditional use / ethnobotanical survey. photos: whitney spearing, 2017. traditional use study interviews – digitization project the bcci funding has been renewed for the wlib traditional use database digitization project. more details will be forthcoming as the project progresses. 7. archaeology highway 97 archaeology project june, july and august were spent investigating a new archaeological site, identified within the cantex project footprint. preliminary results from this assessment indicate that the site was used as a fish processing area. page 10 lexey’em november/december 2017 social media update sugar cane archaeology is now on both facebook & twitter and the addresses for both are @sugarcanearch. if community members have questions or concerns regarding current projects, or archaeology in general, please contact whitney spearing, at 778-417-0196.
technology corner ‘twas the net before christmas by jim trudeau & jay trudeau (1991) (with apologies to clement c. moore) ‘twas the night before christmas and all through the nets not a mousie was stirring, not even the pets. the floppies were stacked by the modem with care in hopes that st. nicholas soon would be there. the files were nestled all snug in a folder the screen saver turned on, the weather was colder. and leaving the keyboard along with my mouse i turned from the screen to the rest of the house. when up from the drive there arose such a clatter i turned to the screen to see what was the matter. away to the mouse i flew like a flash, zoomed open a window in fear of a crash... the glow from the screen on the keyboard below gave an electronic luster to all my macros. when what to my wondering eyes should appear but a little sleigh icon with eight tiny reindeer and a tiny disk driver so scsi and quick i knew in a nano it must be saint nick. more rapid than trackballs his cursors they came, he whistled and shouted and faxed them by name. “now flasher! now dasher! now raster and bixel! on phosphor! on photon! on baudrate and pixel! to the top of the stack. to the top of the heap.” then each little reindeer made a soft beep. as data that before the wild electrons fly, when they meet with a node, mount to the drive, so up to the screentop the cursors they flew with a sleigh full of disks and databits, too. and then in a twinkling i heard the high whine of a modem connecting at a baud rate so fine. as i gazed at the screen with a puzzling frown st. nicholas logged on though i thought i was down. he was dressed all in bytes from header to footer and the words on the screen said “don’t you reboot ‘er.” a bundle of bits he had flung on his back and he looked like a programmer starting his hack. his eyes how they glazed, his hair was so scary, his cola was jolt, not flavored with cherry. his droll little mouth was drawn up like a gif and the pixels of his beard sure gave me a lift. the stump of a routine he held tight in his code and i knew he had made it past the last node. he spoke not a word but looked right at me and i saw in a flash his file was .sea. he self-decompressed and i watched him unfold, into a jolly old elf, a sight to behold. and the whispering sound of my hard drive’s head soon gave me to know i had nothing to dread. he went straight to his work without saying a word and filled all the folders of this happy nerd. and ‘tis the whole truth, as the story is told, that giving a nod up the window he scrolled, he sprang to the serial port as if truly on fire and away they all flew down the thin copper wire. but i heard him exclaim as he scrolled out of sight “happy christmas to all, and to all a good night.” f o u r w i n d s d r i v i n g s c h o o l c r e a t i n g s a f e d r i v e r s w w w. f o u r w i n d s d r i v e . c o m k e r r y c h e l s e a t h e o r y / p r a c t i c a l i n s t r u c t o r 2 5 0 - 3 9 8 - 0 7 4 4 f o u r w i n d s _ d r i v e @ o u t l o o k . c o m the secwepemc calendar long ago, the secwépemc had their own calendar. an annual seasonal round, termed swucwt “snow”, consisted of 13 moons “mégcen”, with the month name derived from the activity people were carrying out at that time of year, or the characteristics of the weather, or nature at that time. the annual seasonal cycle started with late fall moon, pellc7ell7ú7llcwten, the “entering moon”, when the people first entered their c7ístkten̓ (winter homes) and ended with pesllwélsten, the fall moon, when people hunted and trapped game in the mountains. november - pellc7éll7ullcwten (going into underground houses moon) yi7éne te meg̓cen m-c7ellcw7ullcwes re secwepemc ne c7es7istktes. translated: this is the month the secwepemc entered their winter homes. december - pellctíteq̓em (first real cold & cross over moon) m-teq̓mes re mégcen re m-yews re sycetwílcs re sitq̓t. yirí7 lu7 m-ts7écwes re secwépemc. m-yews re stit̓éys. m-lé7es re stscentés re c7es7ístktens. necwentés lu7 e stsmémelt re stsgwéyens re stet̓ex7éms. translated: this is the month the days got longer. the secwepemc were happy and they drummed and danced. they fixed up their winter homes good. they believed this was the time for the children to visit the elders. secwepemctsín 101 in this edition, we focus on ‘cleaning’ words and potential phrases you may use. samples: cts̓éwllcw – to clean up cts̓éwllcw – to clean up (whole house) ép̓em – to wipe cts̓éwlesem – wash the floor íxwente – sweep it sípente – shake it out or brush it ctsutséwem – to wash dishes ts7úllcw – she or he entered ts7úllcwe – come in ullcw – enter estp̓en̓lléxw – she or he went outside estp̓en̓lléxwe – go outside xq̓íxtsen̓te – lock (something) ckelltsín̓te – open (something) lock the window sample phrases: ckelltsín̓te re ck̓emtsenéllcw open the door ckelltsín̓te re necnuśten̓ open the window xq̓ixtsen̓te re ck̓emtsnéllcw lock\shut the door xq̓ixtsen̓te re necnústen̓ estken̓stéke re ck̓menkéllcw touch the wall or ceiling ken̓stéke re ck̓emtsenéllcw touch the door íxwente re xlílep íxwente re ck̓méles me7 cts̓éllcw-k! sípente re necnúlesten. ts7úllcwe! estp̓en̓lléxwe! cts̓éwlesem-ce ép̓ente re ck̓méles ép̓ente re7 necnusten̓ ts7úllcwe me7 emútucw me7 cts̓éwllcw-k! íxwente re7 tsitcw sweep the wood floor sweep the floor you will clean the house shake out the mat\rug come in go outside wash the floor wipe the floor wipe your window come in and sit down you will clean the house! sweep your house nstc skills development weyt’kp! nstc skills development is thrilled to update you on our upcoming programs. currently we have several applied business technology programs that are free for members: abts 1500 human relations (december 1-15) abts 1210 spreadsheets (january 5-february 2) abts 1310 business communications (pre-req 1300) (january 5 – march 5) abts 1430 accounting 1 (february – march) management skills for supervisors offered in a weekend format (fridays, saturdays and sundays) thompson rivers univeristy - wl (rm 1254) part 1: jan 19 - 21, 2-018 8:30 am - 5:00 pm sponsored by nstc part 2: feb 16 - 18, 2018 8:30 am - 5:00 pm sponsored by nstc part 3: mar 2 - 4 2018 8:30 am - 5:-- pm sponsored by stc seating is limited. please call 250-392-8010 to register. in 2018, nstc is offering management skills for supervisors certificate program held in a weekend format. there is no charge for nstc members. if you are interested please contact julie bowser at tru 250.392.8010. the early childhood education program began in september and students are creating opportunities for themselves by dedicating their time and energy to these classes. congratulations to all of you for a job well done so far! christy smith, nstc capacity development contractor lexey’em november/december 2017 page 11
sam archie tsq’escen (canim lake) joesph archie tsq’escen (canim lake) morris dixon tsq’escen (canim lake) edward dixon sr. tsq’escen (canim lake) november marks one of canada’s most important statutory holidays; remembrance day on november 11th. canadians across our great land pause in silence on this day to remember and honor those who have served our country during wartime. we honor all who have fought for canada in wwi, wwii, korean war, and all other wartime conflicts in which canadians are engaged in. many gave their lives, or have seen their lives changed forever physically and mentally, so that future generations may live in peace. almost 2 million canadians have served overseas over the years with over 100,000 of them having died in conflict. of these brave souls, many were of aboriginal canadian heritage. this is a listing of our shuswap veterans close to home: (source: secwepemc news) in flanders fields by: lieut-col. john mcrae m.d. in flanders fields the poppies blow between the crosses, row on row, that mark our place: and in the sky the larks still bravely singing fly scarce heard amid the guns below. we are the dead: short days ago, we lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow, loved and were loved: and now we lie in flanders fields! take up our quarrel with the foe to you, from failing hands, we throw the torch: be yours to hold it high if ye break faith with us who die, we shall not sleep, though poppies grow in flanders fields ne flanders field by: lieut-col. john mcrae m.d. translated to shuswap by mona jules m-suḱwtes re tsiqw te sulénsem, nerí7 ne sḱmews.t.s restekts’enwécw te stltal. tsq’eý-kucw nerí7. ell ne sťiqt setsínem le spipyúýe… ta7 k m-sqnímentem tek swet. witsín le m-stqupt.s le swelwelmínk. m-qwtseq-kucw ta7 k sq’7es le m-w7écwes-kucw. wíktem-kucw re scpeqtsín… ell wíktem-kucw le klucw te skwḕkw7es xwexwistém-kucw le kwséltktens… ell xwexwistels-kucw ell. kémell pyin tsmol-kucw ne tspenṕéns re flanders field. yews e newí7 pyin… kellpékst-kucw yerí7 stseq’míctst te kweŉp tqéltkes k swísen-tp e llépen-tp-kucw ta7 me7 s7etícs-kucw we7 kúltes nu7 tsiqw tek sulénśem ne flanders field. jack duncan, johnny duncan jack bones stswecem’c/xgat’tem(canoe creek / dog creek) louie emile tsq’escen (canim lake) paul theodore tsq’escen (canim lake) jim wycotte t’exelc (williams lake) johnny alphonse t’exelc (williams lake) louis bates t’exelc (williams lake) hector abbey t’exelc (williams lake) george gilbert t’exelc (williams lake) johnny grinder t’exelc (williams lake) johnny moore t’exelc (williams lake) thomas moore t’exelc (williams lake) william moore t’exelc (williams lake) douglas soich t’exelc (williams lake) henry john bob tsq’escen (canim lake) julian boyce tsq’escen (canim lake) peter christopher tsq’escen (canim lake) andrew meshue stswecem’c/xgat’tem (canoe creek / dog creek) clifford joe xats’ull/cmetem’ (soda creek / deep creek) johnny moore xats’ull/cmetem’ (soda creek / deep creek) ray moore xats’ull/cmetem’ (soda creek / deep creek) thomas moore xats’ull/cmetem’ (soda creek / deep creek) william sellers xats’ull/cmetem’ (soda creek / deep creek) joe william xats’ull/cmetem’ (soda creek / deep creek) joe williams xats’ull/cmetem’ (soda creek / deep creek) bill wournell xats’ull/cmetem’ (soda creek / deep creek) page 12 lexey’em november/december 2017