northern secwepemc te qelmucw shuswap people of the north lexey’em “to tell a story” 2018 may - pellcwéw̓ lemten (lake fishing moon) june - pesxqéltemc (go to higher levels moon) 8th annual nstq citizens’ assembly – best yet! by brad mcguire on april 17th and 18th, 2018, hundreds of northern secwepemc te qelmucw community members of all ages gathered for the 8th annual citizens’ assembly – which after a one year hiatus was once again held at the elks hall in williams lake. the theme of the 2018 two-day event was “a bright future – united together”. nstq members heard about recent, positive developments in the treaty process – most notable being that both the government of canada and british columbia government have new mandates to speed up the treaty process for all active treaty tables, while adopting and administering all undrip (united nations declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples) policies and recommendations, as well as the calls-to-action of the truth & reconciliation commission. we have melissa louie, keynote speaker from tla’amin nation captures the audience with her presentation; “tla’amin final agreement experience” also been officially informed that our treaty debt (millions of dollars building over the past 25+ years) will be forgiven by the government of canada, and all future treaty work will be funded through “grants” and not “loans”, as has been the case since the bc treaty process began in the early 1990s. so, the future does in fact look brighter with positive developments in the process; ones that will help shape an nstq future - united together. guest facilitator and emcee, robert phillips of the first nations summit task group (and canim lake band member), did an excellent job of keeping the event on track, with his friendly and casual demeanor (and funny jokes). robert has facilitated several nstq citizens’ assemblies and we were very lucky to have him guide us through these two days once again. day one began with an opening prayer by t’exelc elder, virginia gilbert, followed by delightful hand drumming by the children from little chiefs primary school and daycare; definitely a highlight of every assembly they attend. each of the nstq community chiefs; ann louie of t’exelc, michael archie of tsq’escen’, andrea gilbert of xatṡūll, and patrick harry of stswecem’c xgat’tem then presented their opening remarks and annual reports on both the specific successes, and challenges, faced by each of their communities moving forward in the made- in-bc treaty process. nstq is currently awaiting the official signing of our aip (agreement in principle) by federal and provincial parties, hopefully completed by june of this year, to enable the treaty team to finally move forward and to dive into stage five – final negotiations. in the meantime, the treaty team is preparing for real, significant negotiation headway to begin soon, taking back to the treaty table the many wishes and ideas the team has developed with the help and input of nstq membership. while all four nstq chiefs are keenly aware that the treaty process has its pros and cons and that not all community members are necessarily in favour of treaty, continued on page 2 engaged nstq members await the elders panel to begin. a full house! comedian and keynote speaker, don burnstick was a huge hit! he fully engaged the crowd with both his ‘youth empowerment’ presentation and his evening comedy show. nstq housing alliance committee members prepare for their presentation. elder panelists (l to r) are antoinette archie and elsie archie/ tsq’escen’, ralph phillips/ xats’ūll, david archie sr./stswecem’c xgat’tem urban member, william harry/stswecem’c xgat’tem, and morris bates/t’exelc urban member. youth panelists (l to r) are lillian emile/tsq’escen’, jaci gilbert/tsq’escen’, michaela stinson/xats’ūll, and faith rosette/stswecem’c xgat’tem.
instituting self-government, continued from page 1 each spoke passionately about the tireless work that has gone on over twenty-plus years by many respected elders and the members of the treaty teams, along with direct input from community members along the way. while there are several avenues which the nstq could take in developing and the nstq leadership believe, while not a perfect scenario, that moving ahead in the treaty process provides the best opportunity for a better outlook for the youth and future generations of the northern secwepemc people – a future of self-governance and self-determination that is free from the constraints of the colonial indian act which governs us today, stifling our ability to live prosperous and independent lives. the ultimate goal is to move the nstq forward into a self-governing world – with, or without, a fairly negotiated treaty. youth panelist michaela stinson speaks from her heart. karen marshall delivers the child & family services survey update with urban outreach liaisons charlotte gilbert and mike tarbaj looking on. gavin fitch, chief negotiator representing canada, delivers his presentation. andrew meshue, nstc fisheries manager, takes questions from the crowd following his presentation. an ‘nstq elders panel’ on day one was also a highlight for many in attendance, as they heard stories from several elders who spoke about their lives from ‘youth to elder’. after a delicious lunch catered by cj’s southwestern grill, we were thrilled to finally have melissa louie of tla’amin nation as one of our two keynote speakers, presenting to membership on “the tla’amin final agreement experience”. melissa was a keynote speaker on our 2017 agenda, but her plane was unable to land in williams lake due to inclimate weather. the wait was worth it, as melissa shared a presentation based on both the tla’amin challenges, and successful experiences while completing their final agreement and how their nation has now begun instituting a self-governing future for their people. xats’ull treaty manager, gord keener updates membership on behalf of the nstq treaty team. mike gash, regional ed representing british columbia, delivers his presentation. it’s all in the details – emcee robert phillips reviews the agenda. when our nstq chiefs and leaders speak, people listen. page 2 lexey’em march/april 2018 also in the afternoon, gavin fitch (canada chief negotiator) and mike gash (bc regional executive director) spoke about their governments’ renewed commitments to the treaty process and specifically to the nstq membership. we were then shown a presentation by andrew meshue (northern shuswap tribal council fisheries manager) about the results of fish tissue sampling done in the aftermath of the mt. polley disaster. membership had several questions for andrew and he did a great job answering them.
nstq leaders, administrators and other band staff fully engaged the little chiefs drummers are always popular with the crowd as they officially get the event started. new in 2018: a delicious cj’s dinner followed by evening entertainment; a one hour comedy show by comedian don burnstick. members returned in droves after a 90-minute late afternoon break to attend dinner and mr. burnstick’s show. bellies were full, the laughter was loud, and the smiles were wide and glowing! mr. burnstick’s show was hilarious and was the perfect ending to a fantastic first day of the 8th citizens’ assembly. delicious meals catered by cj’s southwestern grill sheila kelalst booth and sheri sellars announce one of the door prize recipients, and clara camille of stswecem’c xgat’tem hears her name called as a lucky winner. day two began with a treaty team update report, presented on behalf of the entire team by gord keener, xatṡūll treaty manager, and it was followed up with a report and update from the nstq housing alliance committee. the morning ended with a child & family services presentation by karen marshall, child & family services program coordinator, followed by a brief negotiations update video presented by nstq chief negotiator, kenneth bateman, as he had a prior commitment and was unable to be at the event in person. the afternoon was jam packed. don burnstick was back once again, but this time as keynote speaker diving into the subject of “youth empowerment – from youth to elder”. he had everyone glued to their seats with eyes and ears wide open – sharing ideas for parents and youth about “walking the right path” toward ones’ future. don used his talents and humour to help drive home his message and by the standing ovation at his presentation’s close, it appeared that all in attendance were thankful to hear his insight. following up his keynote speech was the first-ever, “nstq youth panel” with four incredibly strong and impressive young ladies putting themselves on stage, telling their stories and answering various questions posed by facilitator, robert phillips. the membership was thrilled that they had the courage to get up and be heard, and to answer questions. this is a hard thing to do for anyone, and these young ladies are to be commended. perhaps it is time for the young male youths to stand up to be heard next year? the event ended with a closing comments from chief patrick harry of stswecem’c xgat’tem, who is the nstq official spokesperson, a closing prayer by ella gilbert (canim lake elder), and the grand prize draw which was drawn from the members completed affirmation statements found in the registration packages. we were fortunate to have wonderful and amazing support from local area businesses around williams lake and 100 mile house, as there were many door prize draws held throughout the two-day event, including huge grand prize draws held at the end of each day. (business donors thank you found on page 10). nstq members will soon be able to access various presentations and video snippets of the event on the nstq treaty group website www.nstqtreaty.ca in the members section, and will be shared on nstq facebook page also in the near future. as we look forward to the 9th annual event in 2019, we thank everyone who helped with the event set up and tear down, along with those who took time out of their busy schedules to attend this years’ event. lexey’em march/april 2018 page 3
at this years citizens’ assembly, participants were asked to ’complete the statement’ to enter and be eligible to win the grand prize draw. for me, i see nstq achieving a bright future united together by . . . here are a sampling of the responses the affirmation statement to complete: xwexwne creations louise alphonse, owner phone 250-574-8002 email: firstname.lastname@example.org • beadwork • moccasins • photographer page 4 lexey’em march/april 2018 embroidery • screen printing promotional products f o u r w i n d s d r i v i n g s c h o o l c r e a t i n g s a f e d r i v e r s w w w. f o u r w i n d s d r i v e . c o m 497 n. 11th avenue • ph: 250-392-5078 • fax: 250-392-5739 k e r r y c h e l s e a t h e o r y / p r a c t i c a l i n s t r u c t o r 2 5 0 - 3 9 8 - 0 7 4 4 f o u r w i n d s _ d r i v e @ o u t l o o k . c o m
a huge victory for our people: williams lake indian band’s specific claims celebration by tony morgan amidst a backdrop of archival photos and paintings of distinct members who have passed on, williams lake indian band’s chief ann louie reiterated the magnitude of the day’s celebration while welcoming distinguished elders, councillors and members from the community, neighbouring chiefs, organizations and special guests including “the legal team instrumental in this huge win, for us and for many other first nations across canada.” more than 139 years have passed since chief william shared the grievances and disappointments of his people in a statement published in the daily colonist. his message from 1879 was a key component to securing a favourable ruling for the band. prior to this win, the band’s contention was a long and difficult one. it first submitted its claim to the minister of indian affairs in 1993, who refused to negotiate a settlement. ultimately the band filed its claim with the specific claims tribunal, the independent body created by the federal government to resolve these kinds of historical grievances. in 2014, the tribunal found in favour of the band. however, the federal court of appeal overturned that decision in 2016. on february 2, 2018 the supreme court of canada restored the tribunal’s decision. the court emphasized the tribunal has the jurisdiction over these claims, and its decisions must be respected. first learning on of the victory chief louie responded, “all canadians should be applauding this decision because a terrible wrong against indigenous people has finally been acknowledged. i’m hopeful that this decision will move us all towards the great goal of reconciliation and building a strong future together.” that spirit of togetherness set the stage for the band’s celebration on april 6th as regional organizations, dignitaries (such as sxfn chief patrick harry, xatśūll chief andrea gilbert, mla donna barnett, scott nelson), and community members and families assembled at the elizabeth grouse gymnasium on the sugar cane reserve for reflection and jubilation. moments before a beautiful rendition of an esketemc drum song performed by the children of little chiefs primary school, chief ann continued to address the celebrants reminding the youth to retain the teachings of their elders with a great degree of focus on language and culture. she cited the negative impact on the emotional welfare of those directly and indirectly affected by the tribunal overthrow, as well as, the key role the elders played particularly as a source of encouragement leading up to the success of the specific claim struggle. a secwepemc welcome song with varying styles of dance, that preluded the afternoon meal, soon followed the grizzly bear song by esketemc drummers. lunch was punctuated by xeni gwet’in chief jimmy lulua and councillor loretta williams offering congratulations to the band on its triumph and recognition of its displacement from its traditional lands. emcee joanne moiese, with the assistance of the band’s councillors and others, then proceeded to award each individual on the legal team of mandell pinder with a custom-coloured quilted ceremonial star blanket, tobacco, a drum and a plaque engraved with chief william’s statement in commendation for their dedicated work on the claims case. clarine ostrove mainly spoke of behalf of her colleagues regarding the details of the case and the privilege they have had of being a part of this first- time victory. the remaining team members include leslie pinder, who specifically exited retirement to lend her expertise to the case, rosanne kyle, leah pence, kendra shupe and ann cullingham. chief louie, along with councillors chris wycotte, rick gilbert, andrew meshue and willie sellars also thanked those persons who made their way to the supreme court, as well as, those who supplied assistance of any kind to the band’s achievement, for example researcher judy woods. they pointed out council, staff or community members, who provided evidence and testified in the case and also referenced and reemphasized the role of those pictured behind them who have passed on. former chief nancy sandy also reflected on key memories in regards to the claims case. the fact is that there is a lot more work remaining for this landmark decision as the band looks forward to sitting down with canada as soon as possible to figure out how to make amends through a final settlement. the commemorative event concluded with chief louie receiving an eagle feather from the esketemc first nation for setting a precedent for first nations peoples and chiefs, past and present. the shuswap honour song was the finale. chief louie happy and proud. page 6 lexey’em march/april 2018
nstq youth trip - march 26th-29th, 2018 by hank adams, sxfn self coordinator government as part of our child and family trm (treaty related measures), we were able to fund an nstq youth trip to tsawwassen first nation, with a visit to ubc and other fun activities included. on march 26th, twenty-six youth and fifteen chaperones traveled on a chartered bus to richmond where we stayed at the sandman signature hotel. the environment on the bus was energetic and positive. on march 27th, the first thing on the itinerary was a visit to tsawwassen first nation, a treaty nation that has been self- governing themselves now for 9 years. we met up with sheila williams (program development coordinator from tsawwassen first nation) who took us on a land tour. our youth were very fascinated with what they saw of tsawwassen’s territory and seemed intrigued on the land tour. i overheard one of the youth say “where are the wandering dogs and yards full of junky cars? this doesn’t look like a reserve.” this is why we brought our youth to tsawwassen; to see the potential of our treaty process and inspire our community by showing them the possibilities for our future are right in front of us. our first stop was to view the tsawwassen smoke house, where sheila spoke about their culture and what events happen in the smoke house. after that we went to their park and potential building site for an exciting new youth center. we drove past a million- dollar sewage treatment facility and a tsawwassen container examination facility; this is a new nstq youth trip participants and chaperones in front of tsawwassen first nation office. partnership with wale mclleland joint ventures. we also viewed an area for agriculture which will be used for growing their traditional medicines as well. last stop was tsawwassen mills mall and our tour guide showed us the different cultural art within the mall. the group had an opportunity to shop in the tsawwassen mills mall and have lunch before we moved on to the riverport sports and entertainment complex, some of the activities the youth got to choose from were laser tag, bowling or watch a movie at the imax theater. our youth were feeling inspired by tsawwassen’s economic growth and excited about the potential of our treaty. i overheard some youth talking about how we can have a shopping mall and new housing. the minds of our youth were sparked by this land tour and i’m glad we had this opportunity to visit tsawwassen first nation. march 28th, day three, we went to the university of british columbia in vancouver that is located on they traditional land of the musqueam people, for a presentation on the ch’nook scholars program by the ubc sauder school of business. the ubc recruiters also did a presentation on the university, how to apply, available grants, student funding and on campus housing. explained about the cultural events and atmosphere on campus and how they could feel at ease in home away from home while pursuing higher education. i noticed some of the youth who were writing down information and asking questions after the presentation and it makes me feel that by taking these trips we are opening their minds to the possibilities of their futures. while talking to some of the other chaperones they also said that they felt inspired by this tour to see what opportunities could be in store for their younger children down the road. after the presentations we took a tour of the campus. there was a ubc student team building race going on and it was high energy and exciting for us to see the school spirit as people were loud and cheering on their teams. after the campus tour, our youth got to participate in a typical day in the life of a ubc student by eating lunch at the campus cafeteria. next on the itinerary we were headed toward the ubc museum of anthropology, where a curator would take our nstq youth on a tour of the museum. the curator started off acknowledging that we were on musqueam first nation territory and had musqueam artifacts right at the entry. i thought that was important for our youth to know and gives them a good insight into the history of the land and how important it is to pay respect to the real caretakers of the land in the area. the tour guide was great and our youth were engaged; there were interactive stations in the museum so our youth could be more involved and hands on. there was a first nations lady weaving blankets and there were stations set up for visitors to try it themselves which some of the youth decided to take part in. it was good to have this opportunity for our youth to learn about other cultures and their art. the entire trip was packed full of activities and we were all tired by the end of the day. it was a relaxing ride back home the next day. i heard some of the youth started a snapchat group with all of our youth participants and wished the trip didn’t end. this youth trip was educational, tailored to inspire our future leaders and expand their minds to an unlimited view of the potential of our journey to self- government. there was plenty of laughs and fun; it was a great trip overall. kukstem’c inside the amazing ubc museum of anthropology. some of the amazing indigenous artwork creations inside tsawwassen mills mall. nstq youth becoming immersed in the museum’s nisga’a culture. at the recent ‘gathering our voices 2018’ conference, held in the vancouver area on musquem traditional territory, indigenous youth gathered to learn and share their ideas and stories. so very proud of these youth filled with enthusiasm and who are taking their future seriously and want to improve the lives of all indigenous youth. the bc treaty commission had a booth at the event and asked youth, “what one word describes reconciliation?” this word cloud was created from their answers lexey’em march/april 2018 page 7 s chris wycotte, rick gilbert, andrew meshue and sons court, ance of any kind to the band’s achievement, they pointed out council, staff or community vidence and testified in the case and also referenced and reemphasized the role of those on. former chief nancy sandy also reflected on ase. or this landmark decision as the band looks forward to sitting down with canada as soon as possible to figure out how to the commemorative event concluded with chief louie receiving an eagle feather from the esketemc first nation for setting a precedent for first nations peoples and as
nstq housing alliance news in this issue, we feature a housing update from stswecem’c xgat’tem first nation, along with some helpful spring homeowner maintenance tips as spring transitions into summer. stswecem’c xgat’tem first nation update (canoe creek/dog creek indian band) stswecem’c xgat’tem is very excited to announce we will be building new housing units for our members. it has been 18 years since we last built new housing, and in that time we have learned a lot and look forward to adding additional housing to our infrastructure. three duplex units will be started this year to provide additional housing with a target date of early 2019 to compete these projects. example duplex layout only– does not represent sxfn proposed housing builds new housing programs available: home adaptations for seniors independence - this program is for on-reserve and may qualify for assistance to extend the time an elder can live in their own home independently. who is eligible? • 65 years of age or older • those finding difficulty with daily living activities brought on by aging • total household income is at or below a specified amount • dwelling unit is a permanent residence how can this program benefit you? up to $10,000 forgivable loan to modify housing unit what adaptation can be done if approved? • handrails • easy to reach work and storage areas in the kitchen • level handles on doors • walk in showers with grab bars • bath tub grab bars and seats emergency repair program on-reserve • helps with financial assistance for low-income households on-reserve to make emergency repairs required for the continued, safe occupancy of their home. who is eligible? first nation members who live on-reserve whose incomes are at or below the established thresholds. what assistance is available? assistance is in the form of a contribution which does not have to be repaid. the maximum amount is $20,000 eligible repairs? • repair or replace a non-functioning heating systems. • repair structural issues or water infiltration from damaged foundation, roof, or exterior walls. • repair plumbing so adequate supply of potable water is available. • electrical repairs necessary to correct health and safety page 8 lexey’em march/april 2018 • repair or replace damaged flooring to correct safety hazards. hazards please see your housing manager for more information and qualifications on these, or other programs available. ken heidema, sxfn housing manager p: 250-440-5645 ext: 203 e: email@example.com interior spring home maintenance tips even when spring arrives, it can sometimes be too cold to do any outside home maintenance. the good news is that you can start your maintenance checklist inside. here is a checklist of interior home maintenance tasks to follow: 1) general spring cleaning - spring cleaning is a common thing than many homeowners do as spring approaches. the warmer weather gives us a boost of energy to clean out the clutter and get our home in order before the nice weather hits. spring is a good time to clean areas of the house that often go neglected. dust or vacuum chair rails, window casings, tops of wall-mounted cabinets and ceiling fans. launder or dry-clean fabric draperies and use a damp cloth to clean wood and vinyl blinds. vacuum upholstered furniture and mattresses, and consider renting a carpet cleaner—anything you can do to remove settled dust, mites, and allergens will make for a cleaner, and healthier, home. 2) check the ac and furnace - spring is the perfect time to make sure your air conditioner or central air unit is working efficiently and ready for the summer. check all the connections, change the filter, and if necessary, have it serviced. 3) head up to the attic - after a cold winter, it’s important to check the attic to make sure no leaks have developed. you will also want to make sure no mice, insects or other critters have nested over the winter. check to make sure the insulation is intact, and look for signs of mold and water damage. 4) inspect the basement - we all know that the basement is prone to issues, especially after the seasons change. check for cracks in the cement walls and look for signs of leaks. while you are down there, it’s also a good idea to check your sump pump, check the washing machine hoses, inspect the basement windows for mold and leaks, and look for signs of pests. 5) look for leaks and signs of mold - building on the previous point, looking for leaks and mold is important in all areas of your home. take the time to inspect all windows, doors, bathrooms, and other areas where water damage could occur. address mold issues immediately. if you have a large amount of mold, contact your housing department to see what options might be available. 6) check the smoke alarms - a change of season is the perfect time to check your smoke and carbon monoxide detectors, make sure they are working properly and change the batteries. also check your fire extinguishers to ensure there are no leaks and the pin is in place. 7) eliminate the clutter - things can add up in a hurry, especially after the holiday season. spring is the perfect opportunity to clean out the garage, basement and other areas where things have been piling up. donate unwanted items to local charities, sell them on kijiji, or give them away to family and friends. exterior spring home maintenance tips with another winter in the rear view, it’s time to inspect your home and see if it caused any damage to your home. often the signs of winter damage rear their ugly heads once the weather warms up and the ground thaws. here is a maintenance checklist of things to inspect: 1) check out the roof - your roof is one of the most important parts of your home, and ensuring it is free of issues is vital to keeping your entire home well maintained. an issue with your roof such as damage to shingles, flashing, or leaks can quickly impact other areas of your home. “from the ground, check for missing, torn, buckling or curling shingles; asphalt granules in eaves troughs, as well as shingles with missing granules. these are all telltale signs that you may need to reroof,” says makeitright.ca. 2) clean out the gutters and downspouts over time, gutters and downspouts can get clogged, especially if you have a lot of trees and vegetation in your neighborhood, and we all know that clogged gutters can cause water damage and prevent water from properly being directed away from your home. remove any debris, patch holes in your gutter with exterior grade caulking, and check your downspouts to ensure they are properly directing water away from your home. 3) inspect the foundation from the outside - your foundation is often the source of water issues in your basement. do a walk around of your home’s exterior, and check for cracks in the foundation as well as inspecting the exterior walls, siding, and brick for damage. if you identify issues, contact a foundation specialist to take a look. 4) check the seals around exterior windows and doors - the cold weather can cause cracks or harden the caulk around your windows and doors. inspect the seals on all windows and doors and replace them as required. this will help prevent water from getting in and help reduce your energy bill. replace any broken or damaged screens. 5) take a closer look at the garage doors - check the garage doors to make sure they are working. vacuum dust and dirt around the doors, and make sure there is nothing that could fall and prevent the doors from working properly. 6) check all outdoor lights - check all exterior lights and motion sensors to ensure they are functioning properly and replace bulbs as necessary. you can also take this time to re-install solar lights in your walkways and gardens. 7) do some fence and deck maintenance - checking your fence and deck is important. look for signs of damage, cracked or split boards, unstable areas and signs of pest damage. look for holes under the deck and fence. depending on the type of wood, you may also need to seal or stain your deck. 8) spring yard maintenance – prepare the lawn, trees and greenery - it’s time to get the lawn mower out, change the engine oil, and get the blade sharpened so it’s ready for the lawn cutting season. head to your local hardware store to stock up on landscaping supplies such as yard bags and grass seed, and pick up the tools you need to thatch, weed and clean out your garden beds. 9) get outdoor furniture and bbq out - pull out your patio furniture from storage, and clean out your bbq and get it ready for grilling season. check your propane tank and get it filled if necessary. 10) look for issues with driveway/walkway - it’s common to find cracks in walkways and driveways after the winter. how you repair these cracks will depend on the type of surface you have (brick, asphalt, concrete).
how the drone industry is evolving in 2018 spring 2018 - fisheries update source courtesy of: www.readwright.com damien wolf, contributing writer by dave feil, fisheries coordinator over the past few months, we have been busy with our winter coho project, ice rescue safety training and many fisheries related meetings. our winter juvenile coho project started on february 26, 2018. the project involved two technicians who used gee-minnow traps to try and capture coho juveniles to see how they wintered. we ran the program for two weeks only capturing 5 trout fry, before the conditions on the lake and in the creeks became too dangerous for our technicians. we ended the project on march 9th, 2018. and traveled in the middle of march, the fisheries manager, 2 coordinator technicians to prince george for an ice rescue safety technician course, where we were taught various aspects of working on or near the lakes, rivers and streams during icing conditions. we learned how to rescue as a team and also self-rescue. at the beginning of the course everyone was a little leery of getting in the ice cold water, but by the end we were diving in head first. it was a fun but very helpful course. all who attended passed the course. february and march were extremely busy with m e e t i n g s / w o r k s h o p s , attending 8 different venues in two months. we attended two uffca meetings, two frafs forums, the young fisherman’s gathering, a bc fish and wildlife meeting, economic a flnrord opportunities meeting and a fisheries act review meeting. with that being said, the end of march signaled the end of meeting season! southern salmon fisheries update for the upcoming season; dfo will be implementing more measures to help protect the resident killer whales, which could impact chinook fisheries. the outlook for chinook is low again this year. while this should be a dominant run for sockeye, the ocean conditions the sockeye were growing up in were very poor, this could mean that the run will be poor due to the condition of the fish. dfo does expect a stronger summer run of sockeye, which should mean greater harvest opportunities for our communities. the final integrated fisheries management plan will not be released until sometime in june which we will then find out the level of harvest. while the next couple of months will be busy with gibraltar water sampling starting and preparing for the upcoming bass season. u.s. are of in canada a perfect drones example how our technology has evolved and will continue to grow in the future. so, what exactly does it offer? for casual users, it is just a fun toy. however, drones have use cases in including multiple fields, safety, health, disaster management & mitigation, and industry. until now, drones have gone on a wild ride. it has been massively regulated by government considering the threats that it brings including spying (new regulations are being developed in 2018). moreover, drone safety had been a significant issue. but to completely understand drones, we understand need both its advantages and disadvantages before making a final call on how they should be regulated. for starters, there are good drones and destructive drones drones. those that for good are being used to save improve business efficiency and use autonomous control so that the human limitation can be removed. destructive or bad drones do the exact opposite and are harmful in one way or another. in this article, i will try to understand the future of drones from the perspective of tech, security, and innovation. lives, help created are to have drone technology drones evolved rapidly in the last decade or so. however, drones are not new and existed from the 1930s. the modern era of drones started after 2001, and it is now slowly becoming part of our daily life. you can now own a drone only if your state laws allow you to do so. so, what is next for drones? the answer depends on how artificial intelligence (a.i) can be used to make drones more useful. a.i. can help drones overcome the human limitation and make drones more useful in different sectors including industry, tech, delivery and so on. however, a.i. powered drones can also be used to kill humans, deliver drugs or worse spy on someone. there has already been a lot of debate on how a.i. can now can provide drones with ultimate power. elon musk also called out on the ban on killer robots which can also include drones. but, we have to weigh the gains over a possible loss and should be used to improve the different levels of transportation, accessibility, and overall growth. drones be programmed to learn from mistakes. learn to fly by crashing, a paper published by carnegie mellon university explores how ar drones 2.0 are learning by learning from their own mistakes. this is just one use case of how a.i. and big data are going to impact drones in future. another critical use case of drones that are going to evolve and get implemented is their use in the industry. many big companies will use drones inspect their infrastructure and send direct reports to the system. furthermore, they are also equally useful for surveillance purposes. the delivery system will continue to be refined in future as currently, amazon is testing the use of drones to improve the delivery system. jeff bezos, founder & ceo of amazon, says that the aim is to get items delivered in “60 minutes.” to current regulatory reform government regulations on drones have always been tight. however, 2018 can be the year when the laws become less stringent. regulations the federal from aviation administration (faa) regulate drones such that they must be used within human sight. however, this regulation is binding at many levels as it will not commercial companies such as amazon to use drones in their operation. allow the (canadian drone regulations from transport canada: if you plan to fly a drone for fun you must learn and follow the laws that apply to recreational drone use. if you are using your drone for work or research, you will need special permission to fly your drone. in general 2017, perception towards drones changed as well as their purpose as such in recent natural disasters, fortifying their benefits. now that change is progressing; the faa needs to take note and began to set appropriate regulations for the future of this industry. drones manufacturers will also play a role, by ensuring that can navigate safely through an environment, especially rooftops, humans, vehicles, etc. to achieve this, current technologies to be adapted to allow for autonomous navigation and self-learning capabilities. their drones need or have in final thoughts evolved drones last the remarkably two. the decade usage will commercial only propel towards it mass adoption. 2017 has been the year where it is now impossible to ignore the benefit in natural disasters management and commercial spaces. with relaxation in regulations, more and more industries will adopt drones. one more thing is how blockchain can be used to revolutionize drones. recently, is impacting almost every industry. drones can be the next thing that can utilize blockchain technology. we only have to wait and see if blockchain powered drones can become more secure, accurate and easily regulatable. blockchain see more specific info on drone regulations in canada here: http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/opssvs/flying-drone-safely-legally.html lexey’em march/april 2018 page 9
xatsull member joins gibraltar mines as environmental monitor gibraltar mines ltd. is pleased to announce that kelsey pop has joined gibraltar as an environmental monitor. kelsey reports to the senior environmental technologist and will be working in the environmental department. kelsey worked for xats’ῡll development corporation (xdc) at gibraltar for two years as a reclamation technician prior to joining the company in january of 2018. he has strong knowledge of gibraltar’s current and past programs. prior to gibraltar, kelsey worked at mt. polley for four years as an xdc employee in their environmental and reclamation department. his mom, xdc reclamation lead hand, joanne phillips, has positively influenced kelsey and helped him choose a path in this field. joanne is an excellent role model and encourages kelsey to work hard to succeed in his new position. kelsey’s passion for environmental work has been handed down to him from his mom. special thanks to these valued cariboo businesses who have donated funds or items for our 8th annual citizens’ assembly door prize draws gibraltar’s environmental superintendent welcomes kelsey pop as new environmental monitor family and hard work have been the largest factors in kelsey’s success. he encourages anyone looking to get into environmental field work to study hard and pursue their passion. kelsey is looking forward to this new experience and opportunity, as is his employer. bulk barn walk rite shoes fas gas williams lake fortis bc canim lake general store lavender lingerie heartland toyota bmo 100 mile house realm of toys & the nerd room cameo ace hardware (100m) woodland jewellers taseko / gibraltar donex pharmacy (100 mile house) century home hardware (100m) dairy queen (wl) 108 building supplies mr. mikes steakhouse (wl) department of fisheries/oceans kit & kaboodle frame creations by bruce exposed expressions tattoo canada upper fraser fisheries conservation alliance (gord sterritt) true consulting (kamloops) all four nstq communities - grand prizing funds you are invited to bear witness to jordan’s principle implementation at the knucwentwecw society (231 north 2nd avenue, wl) teddy bear picnic may 10th, 2018 (11:30am – 1:30pm) please bring your favorite teddy bear! light snacks and refreshments will be served. ranching rodeo history bc cowboy hall of fame history of williams lake “dedicated to providing fast, courteous & informative prescription contractors, forestry, liability, equipment, silviculture & ranch insurance museum of the cariboo chilcotin open year round located in the tourism discovery centre 1660 s broadway ave 250-392-7404 web: cowboy-museum.com email: firstname.lastname@example.org page 10 lexey’em march/april 2018 service” agencies group customer service first foremost! & 250-398-8177 366 yorston street ph: 250-398-9033 • toll free:1-888-696-1855 fax: 250-398-9063 • email@example.com unit d-280 n. 3rd ave. (3rd & cameron)
recognition and implementation of rights forum vancouver, on salish traditional territory april 11 - 13, 2018 by mike tarbaj, nstq vancouver and vancouver island outreach liaison i had the privilege to participate in what will be considered an historic event, with attendance of approximately 250 repre- sentatives and delegates, mostly from bc first na- tions. i believe this day will be re- membered as historic due to the attendance of both the provincial & federal governments at the table, jointly offering the bc first nations; recognition & reconciliation of our inherent rights to lands and title. we had prepared presentations by: • grand chief ed john - first nations sum- mit • judy wilson - union of bc chiefs • terry teegee - regional chief bc assem- bly of first nations (bcafn) • robert phillips - first nations summit • chief bob chamberlin - union of bc task group indian chiefs • anne-marie sam - senior ministerial assistant to minister of indigenous rela- tions and reconciliation • grand chief stewart phillip - union of bc indian chiefs • doug caul - deputy minister of indig- enous relations and reconciliation • helene laurendeau - deputy minister of department of crown-indigenous rela- tions and northern affairs canada • joe wild - senior assistant federal • tom mccarthy - divisional chief nego- deputy minister tiator bc • louise mandell • cheryl casimer - first nations summit task group • honourable carolyn bennett - minis- ter of crown-indigenous relations and northern affairs canada • honorable scott fraser - minster of indigenous relations & reconciliation british columbia many others had the opportunity to ex- press their opinions throughout the three days. the event was facilitated by jessie hemp- hill & aftab erfan, keeping us focused and on-schedule. the technical team assem- bled papers. we had a question-and-answer period for federal & provincial deputy ministers. the federal government gave us 26 ques- tions that were posted on the wall, which the group and i did not read or address. on the wednesday the federal govern- ment requested we prepare answers and a proposal for friday, when the minsters of federal & provincial governments would sit with us. this is the only time that the ministers could attend together in the near future. there was a lot of scepticism and lack of trust in the room, from the governments not honouring previous prom- ises, agreements, and court cases for the past 150 years or more. why would it be different today? the govern- ments should already know how we deem ours, from hundreds of requests, and numerous court cases. that acknowledging this could be a unique time in history, we rolled up our sleeves and worked hard. discussing, lis- tening and preparing a paper for friday. what could be considered amazing, was not without challenges. on friday we handed ministers a summary draft paper detailing our requests. minister bennett complimented the group on being able to present an impressive paper in such a short time frame. it was quite something, that we worked together so well, and had all the professional support to do this. it took two taxing days to summarize something that’s been in the making for 150 years. there is much more; this is only a taste of what the paper included, many of us cur- rently understand little about the technical details. we’re in good hands! our inherent right to be recognized from before settlers arrived in territories: using different framework pieces for reconcilia- tion • united nations declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples, • four principles developed from b.c. chiefs and leadership • denounce terra nullius, doctrine of discovery • reinstate the papal bull, sublimus dei on the enslavement and evangelization of indians • federal recognition framework and legislation, to include full recognition of our inherent aboriginal title, rights in our respective homeland, including resources and waters. • new fiscal relationship to include com- pensation for historic economic loss. both minster bennett and fraser agreed with the 16 terms on presentation draft pa- per. the federal government’s short term objective will be to draft legislation, hope- fully jointly written by first nations, and to be passed in parliament before federal elections 2019. let this be the time when the federal & provincial governments finally walk the walk. let “us” lead the way, and continu- ally push them to run, not walk. i’m proud to have participated in this mon- umental event. mike tarbaj is a member of (canoe creek/ dog creek indian band) stswecem’c xgat’tem first nation welcome laura blair to the the lakes, family gathered travel bug northern shuswap tribal council team by laura blair in the summer of 1972, my immigrated to williams lake from northern california. i was sixteen years old at the time and it was williams lake stampede weekend. my four younger siblings and i had a great time enjoying our first rodeo. we watched as all the people from near and far, by wagon, horseback, cars, or by whatever way they could get here. surrounding the stampede grounds were camps back then; we were amazed at the amount of people that this little town could hold. fun was had by all and my parents didn’t have a worry about all of us running wild during the rodeo festivities. i went to columneetza secondary for my last year of high school, and made friends with people from many different cultures and outlying communties. most of these relationships are still going strong. i went on to marry greg delainey and have two children, daughter angie and son pj. after over twenty years in williams lake, i moved to bc’s lower mainland to be closer to my widowed mother. there i stayed for a long time. the landed me in toronto for three years, where i worked in a community hospital approximately servicing in 1.35 million people. those years away from williams lake, i longed for home. i missed the people, the slower paced life that the cariboo provides. i knew i would come back someday. in september of 2011, that someday arrived. tragically i lost my son. my move back to williams lake was in the works. it took me another year to get home. upon arriving back in williams lake, i opened and operated mama bear’s family haircare, for five years and re-established some old friendships. in january of this year, i retired from hairdressing and was hired by the northern shuswap tribal council as office administration assistant, and i am so pleased to have this opportunity to continue interacting with this community that has had a positive influence in my life. i am now a grandmother to two little girls, emma and ruby, age eight and four. i am enjoying my life back in cariboo country and look forward to many years of future involvement in our community. lexey’em march/april 2018 page 11
* attention all nstq members * does your band have your current contact information? information to your band office? if you have specific instructions for how you want your information to be used (or not used), or how you prefer to be contacted, you can let us know when you submit your updated and current contact information. we want you to be as informed as possible regarding band business, community events, emergency preparedness, treaty progress, mailing of each lexey’em newspaper, and more. without current contact information, it becomes increasingly difficult to reach out to each of you. ◊ why is it important for you to provide the most current, up-to-date contact information to your band office? answer: we want you to be as informed as possible regarding band business, community events, emergency preparedness, treaty progress, mailing of each lexey’em newspaper, and more. without current contact information, it becomes increasingly difficult to reach out to each of you. ◊ how will my contact information be used? answer: if you have specific instructions for how you want your information to be used (or not used), or how you prefer to be contacted, you can let us know when you submit your updated and current contact information. ◊ what about treaty information and use of my contact information? answer: whether your personal opinion on treaty is pro or con does not matter. if we don’t have your most current information (and how it can or cannot be used) then you will not have an opportunity to provide input and ideas for treaty negotiations, or have “your say” by being able to cast a yes or no vote when the final treaty vote is held. ◊ what if my residency changes a lot, and what if i live away from home? answer: this is the main reason we need ‘you’ to update us. without specific changes of address, phone number, email, etc. being provided to your band office every time you move from one address to another, we are unable to reach you and it is extremely difficult to obtain new contact information for you to continue to keep you an informed nstq member. it is becoming more difficult than ever for us to be able to contact away-from-home nstq members due to severely outdated contact information. please help us to inform you. if you are unsure which contact information is on file with your band office, please contact them today! a good practice would be to contact your band office at least once per year to ensure your information is current and correct. (band contacts found on page 5.) number, email, etc. being provided to your band office every time you move from one address to another, we are unable to reach you and it is extremely difficult to obtain new contact information for you to continue to keep you an informed nstq member. it is becoming more difficult than ever for us to be able to contact away- from-home nstq members due to severely outdated contact information. please help us to inform you. current information (and how it can or cannot be used) then you will not have an opportunity to provide input and ideas for treaty negotiations, or have “your say” by being able to cast a yes or no vote when the final treaty vote is held. if you are unsure which contact information is on file with your band office, please contact them today! a good practice would be to contact your band office whether your personal opinion on treaty is pro or con does not matter. if we don’t have your most this is the main reason we need ‘you’ to update us. without specific changes of address, phone page 12 lexey’em march/april 2018