northern secwepemc te qelmucw shuswap people of the north lexey’em “to tell a story” 2018 july - pestémllik (getting ripe moon) august - pellt̓éxelcten (salmon coming up moon) nstq host maa-nulth nation self government representatives for “treaty; lessons learned” presentation by dene moore, nsts treaty manager “the indian act is a bad deal and it gets worse every year…. [under treaty] it doesn’t get worse and it has a chance to get better.” - that was the advice to nstq community members from john jack, a three-time council member of the huu-ay- aht nation, one of the five nuu-chah- nulth nations that are part of the maa- nulth treaty. jack and colleagues angela wesley, speaker of the huu-ay-aht first nations legislature and annual people’s assemblies, and chuck poschenrieder, administrator of the maa-nulth treaty society, were keynote speakers at lunch and presentation held at xat’sūll gymnasium on june 20th, 2018. all were part of the team that negotiated the maa-nulth treaty, which returned the five nations to self-government in april 2011. they’re still involved in implementing the treaty and they shared many of the learned with our four northern secwepemc communities. lessons they’ve “there have been many challenges along the way”, jack told about 45 nstq community members who gathered at the gymnasium for the event. “those include the cost of getting government up and running and building the capacity in the community to do so”. about 80 per cent of the 2,300 members of the five maa-nulth bands live away from the communities. like nstq, just getting in touch with members to keep them informed was difficult. seven years after their effective date, the maa-nulth nations are still working out details such as enforcement of their laws by environment canada, rcmp and the conservation officer service. but they own a large portion of their traditional lands and have the right to protect their aboriginal rights throughout the rest. the huu-ay-aht have generated millions in own-source revenues and they decide how to spend those and the capital funds they negotiated with government. they’ve invested heavily in education. pretty much any huu-ay-aht members who want a post-secondary education get funding, whether in trades or university. they provide an income supplement of $500 a month to all elders and they’re able to top-up medical travel funding for members. “treaty is about the youth and the future”, said jack, who is also chair of the alberni- clayoquot degional district – believed to be the first indigenous chair in b.c. history. the challenging but worth it, he says, describing self- government as being “free from the chains of colonialism.” journey has been john jack, huu-ay-aht nation councillor nstq community members fully engaged in presentation. mike retasket and cheryl chapman; welcome drumming angela wesley, huu-ay-aht speaker of the legislature
child & family - urban survey overview together and/or to return home disabilities • advocacy and service navigation support • interpreters • supported housing • fasd training and supports • educational supports • community education • travel assistance • job training mental health • access to services; navigation • culturally based services • drug and alcohol treatment • children and youth mental health • trauma informed child wellness • parenting programs and supports • infant and child mental health • indigenous caregivers for children who cannot be with family • fasd keyworkers • children and youth with special needs services • intensive family support when children at risk • provide supports and services to children aging out of care so they are not just abandoned other • less red tape and overlapping of some services • don’t continue the bureaucracy imposed on us • medical travel assistance • more indigenous service providers; building capacity • bring our children home xwexwne creations louise alphonse, owner phone 250-574-8002 email: email@example.com • beadwork • moccasins • photographer by karen marshall, nstq child & family services coordinator charlotte gilbert and mike tarbaj have worked diligently to contact urban members living in the kamloops/kelowna and lower mainland/island areas to conduct a survey to determine what challenges and service needs urban members felt were important. members were also asked to identify key priorities for the treaty team to consider when thinking about members living off treaty settlement lands. mike and charlotte have written summaries for each of their areas so this article will look at the collective information and recommendations coming out of their combined work of 87 completed surveys. culture: culture was ranked as very important by the majority of respondents (66%) and just over half said they participate in cultural activities or events. for those who did not, they cited distance and transportation as a barrier and no cultural events being available where they live. there were many recommendations about what they would like to have available ranging from on-line language learning to drumming & singing to powwows. challenges: the highest ranked challenges they or their families face are financial security and training or education opportunities. these were closely followed by housing, health and mental health. the area of least concern was childcare. given the high proportion of elders responding to the survey, childcare not being a major concern was understandable. support services needed: the highest ranked need was for cultural support with travel assistance to attend events (especially those ‘back home’), arts programs for children, and ceremonies hosted by their home community. the next greatest need identified was for financial support services. the types of support identified ranged from increased social assistance to financial assistance for transportation costs and housing rental. emotional support services and disability services followed very closely. children in care: 47 respondents said they or a family member had been a child in care at some time. for the 17 who ‘aged out’ of care only 3 received any support services after leaving government care. they identified a number of services that would have been helpful: • transition planning • grief / trauma counselling • life skills photo source: getty images • help reconnecting to family / community • job training / educational support • housing assistance • financial assistance • being believed about abuse in their foster home key priorities: culture • language learning (including on-line and for deaf members) • cultural programs for youth • arts programs for children • elder – youth groups navigation and advocacy • urban offices where members can obtain information and services housing • supported housing • subsidized housing / loans • elder housing and supports • adequate housing for families to stay 2018 nstq members survey lower mainland area urban meetings ‘future locations’ survey results - july 2018 page 2 lexey’em july/august 2018
nstc urban outreach liaison for greater vancouver children and families & vancouver island areas summary of work survey urban outreach liaison summary project. for us to get to a well-operated self-gover- nance stage will take com- mitment and cooperation from many. experienced i’ve witnessed hard work, in multiple areas, by many. i’ve some of the pressures of poli- tics; i’ve heard passionate members expressing their feelings and beliefs. many members shared personal information, their views and opinions for which i am deeply appreciative. nstq representatives working out require- ments for nstq tak- ing responsibility for child, youth and family services. • recognition & implemen- tation of rights forum: b.c. first nations chiefs and representatives worked together to pro- vide recommendations on what is required for aboriginal inherent rights to land and title to federal and provincial authorities. this work allowed me to at- tend a number of meetings and events: • leadership council for the treaty group • community engagement & communications committee meetings • tsawwassen legislation and land tour • the citizen’s assembly • tripartite working group: federal, provincial & articles i wrote for lexey’em. i have had sug- gestions and shared my thoughts, sometimes even repetitively when felt them important. i as i’m reflecting on the last 9 months, i have a much deeper appreciation of the importance of what has, is, and can happen to our children and families, espe- a farewell note by charlotte gilbert – kamloops urban outreach liaison how time flies. we started working in october 2017 and now it is june 2018. we had some challenges to work out and then it got to be a matter of routine. i had the pleasure of working with karen mar- shall – children & fami- lies coordinator and mike tarbaj – vancouver urban outreach liaison. at times it is difficult working with staff that are located in wil- liams lake and vancouver, but we made it through and the results are very positive. thanks karen and mike for the hard work and having patience with me. way to go - we have done it; excel- lent job! initially setting up office and developing filing sys- tems digitally and hard cop- ies of survey materials. cially those requiring extra support. i hope the infor- mation that we gathered from our urban members will contribute to planning for the delivery of services for those living off treaty settlement lands. let’s keep working togeth- er, sharing information and helping each other. thank you to chiefs, coun- cillors, nstc staff and all band members that i had a chance to meet and talk with. by mike tarbaj weyt-kp, it’s getting close to the end of my tenure and i feel for- tunate that i was chosen for this position. my main responsibility was to con- duct the urban children & family survey. charlotte gilbert (kamloops/kelow- na) and yours truly were hired to take this survey to our urban membership. i feel this was an important task to gather their ideas, concerns and recommen- dations. the personal reasons i had for applying for this posi- tion worked out well: i wanted to meet and get to know more band members, which i did and enjoyed. i wanted to learn more about our treaty process. this position has been edu- cational for me; the whole treaty process is a major by karen marshall, nstq child & family services coordinator is contract issue by the time this of lexey’em in your hands, i will have finished my term as child and family services coordinator with the treaty team. the seven- month term has flown by and, looking back, i can only wish the calendar pages had turned just a little more slowly. it’s been such an honour to have witnessed some amazing people working incredibly hard to bring the dream of treaty and self- government to fruition. the passion that goes into planning for children, youth and is unfazed by the complexity of the systems currently in place or by the challenges involved designing something that will be in keeping with secwepemc culture, traditions and families in the lexey’em welcomes your letters to the editor lexey’em welcomes letters from its readers. our news- paper cannot exist without community involvement. we want to hear from you. what are your thoughts on the content? what are your thoughts on the nstq treaty process? what are your thoughts on what is happening in your community? what are your thoughts about sec- wepemc culture & heritage? we also welcome and accept any photos, stories or ar- ticles you’ve written, artwork you have created, etc. al- though we cannot guarantee inclusion into the lexey’em, if your submissions are approved for publication, we will be sure to contact you ahead of printing deadlines. names may be withheld at your request, but all submis- sions must be signed and include your name, postal ad- dress, phone number and email address (if applicable). anonymous submissions will not be accepted. we re- serve the right to edit submitted material for clarity, brev- ity, grammar and good taste. please send your submissions to: communications/lexey’em editor post: 17 south first avenue, williams lake, bc, v2g 1h4 email: firstname.lastname@example.org fax: 250-392-6158 all opinions expressed in letters to the editor are purely those of the writer and have no association whatsoever to the views and/or policies of the lexey’em, its editor, the northern shuswap tribal council and/or its first nations member communities, the nstq treaty society, or the williams lake tribune. other meetings that i at- tended was the citizens as- sembly, the tripartite chil- dren and families working group meeting, treaty ne- gotiations and treaty urban meetings. i enjoyed travelling out to merritt, osoyoos, pent- icton, kelowna and around the kamloops area to meet with our members. in the last month we have been presenting the results of the children and families survey; and had some good discussions from these pre- sentations. karen marshall – children and families co- ordinator will be providing a final report for this project. it is great to see the results of the survey; i was able to obtain 58 surveys. at the treaty urban meeting the “thank you” draws were done for each of our communities. i just have to get their prizes to them. congratulations to the following lucky winners: • sam eckstein – williams lake band • sonya charley – canim lake • mary camille – canoe creek • charles sellers – soda creek a final reminder for all urban nstq members… please keep nstq updated infor- with your contact mation. they need your info every time you move, change phone numbers or emails. there is no way to keep you updated with all the positive steps forward without your current infor- mation. i wish for all of you to have a great summer. kukstsemc! charlotte gilbert there were several methods i used to try and contact our members; they are as follows: • huge mail out • call the numbers i was provided by our commu- nities • set up information table at urban treaty meetings • set up information table at citizens assembly • send out group emails • do follow up calls • used phone vite; this tool is a terrific there were coffee, breakfast, lunch, dinner and home visits with our members to get the survey filled out. attended a few meetings to get more sur- veys. whatever was con- venient and comfortable for our members to receive the surveys and gather the surveys. one special tour that i would like to mention; is the tour of tsawwassen first nations; where we wit- nessed their legislative as- sembly in real life. this was great for us to see; and this showed that is it possible for us when we get to this stage in our treaty. anthony (ken) michel participated in this tour also. the inevitable challenges, they persevered and will continue to support self- government. i know they will continue to support and contribute to their communities! moving to williams lake has been a pleasure….. except for the potholes and mosquitos! i have found people to be friendly and helpful to a newcomer and look forward to exploring the region now that the nice weather is here. i will continue to watch the treaty process unfold and will be cheering you all on! protocols. i raise my hands to chief ann who has inspired me with her passion, to chief patrick for his thoughtful insights, to chief helen for her unceasing commitment to making things better for children and families and to chief andrea for bringing a new perspective in her dedication to community. your developing own legislation and taking on jurisdiction for child and family services can be a little frightening but allow leave you with me to one thought: you can only make things better for your members and communities by doing so! in the meantime, there is so much that can be done prior to treaty and its simply a matter of deciding what should be the first step and taking it. members of the treaty team welcomed me into their midst and helped me hit the ground running with information, support and humour. brad, sheila, and our former manager beth always found time to answer my questions or to share a good laugh. i wish each of them all good things as they make their way down their paths. charlotte and mike, the urban liaisons and heather the traditional researcher cared passionately about what they were doing and how it would contribute to future planning. in spite of f o u r w i n d s d r i v i n g s c h o o l c r e a t i n g s a f e d r i v e r s w w w. f o u r w i n d s d r i v e . c o m k e r r y c h e l s e a t h e o r y / p r a c t i c a l i n s t r u c t o r 2 5 0 - 3 9 8 - 0 7 4 4 f o u r w i n d s _ d r i v e @ o u t l o o k . c o m lexey’em july/august 2018 page 3
the changing face of treaty negotiations there is no question that negotiating an nstq treaty has been frustrating and divi- sive. for years, canada and bc have had very narrow mandates at the treaty table based on the idea that, for an exchange of some money and some treaty settlement lands, nstq should agree to list all of its aborigi- nal title and rights in a “final agreement”, ending canada’s and bc’s obligations to nstq on anything not included in that agreement. nstq has been at the treaty table since 1993-94 and has endured delays and in- transigence by canada and bc. a low point came in 2002, when the bc government of the day held a province-wide referendum on first nations treaty rights. despite the challenges, nstq was able to complete agreement-in-principle nego- tiations in december 2014. in february of 2016, nstq held a referendum asking its members if they wanted to continue into stage 5 final agreement negotiations in the bc treaty process and the members agreed by a 2 to 1 margin. it is easy to be cynical about the treaty process, given the delays and lack of move- ment. however, recent developments offer promise that nstq will be able to achieve a fair, balanced and honourable treaty. the first development was the excel- lent victory of the tsilhqot’in people in the 2014 decision of the supreme court of canada in tsilhqot’in nation v. british columbia, 2014 scc 44,  2 s.c.r. 256. in that case, canada’s highest court debunked canada’s and bc’s “postage stamp” approach to aboriginal title and de- termined that the tsilhqot’in held aborigi- nal title over broad “tracts of land” they had used regularly and defended prior to 1846. although there are limits on the use of aboriginal title lands that do not apply to treaty settlement lands, the nstq treaty team believes that the “tracts of land” ap- proach to aboriginal title justifies a much larger offer of treaty settlement lands than we received in the agreement-in-principle n e g o t i a t i o n s , which was based on the former “postage stamp” approach. the tsilhqot’in have already been able to use their court decision to reach the nen- qay deni accord with british co- lumbia regarding jurisdiction and stewardship of aboriginal title lands. other helpful developments came with a change of government at both the fed- eral and provincial levels. both levels of government have finally endorsed the united nations declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples (“undrip”). that internationally-recognized document pro- vides that “indigenous peoples have the right to the lands, territories and resources which they have traditionally owned, oc- cupied or otherwise used or acquired”. they have the right to “own, use, develop and control those lands” as they see fit. undrip calls upon states to provide legal recognition and protection of those lands and fairly compensate indigenous peoples where such lands have been taken away. the nstq treaty team believes it can use undrip to strengthen nstq’s ongoing role throughout the traditional territory and increase benefits flowing from develop- ments on the territory. undrip also pro- vides support for re-opening the discus- sion on compensation for past alienation of lands and resources—something that has been “off the table” so far in negotia- tions under the bc treaty process. canada’s liberal government and bc’s ndp/green government have provided new hope for a fair and honourable treaty through mandate letters to their respec- tive ministers. canada’s ministers are told “it is time for a renewed, n a t i o n - t o - nation rela- tionship with i n d i g e n o u s peoples, based recogni- on tion of rights, respect, co- operation, and partnership.” a c c o r d i n g l y, the minister of crown-indige- nous relations north- and ern affairs is mandated to negotiate comprehensive modern treaties in a manner that reflects a recognition of rights approach and rec- onciliation rather than modification of ab- original rights into treaty rights. she is also required to work with indigenous peoples on closing socio-economic gaps and reduc- ing health inequities between them and the general population. she is called upon to develop a new overall fiscal relationship with first nations. bc’s minister of indigenous relations and reconciliation is mandated to work toward fully adopting undrip, the truth and rec- oncilation commission calls to action and the tsilhqot’in court decision and others. he is also mandated to develop gaming revenue-sharing with first nations—some- thing bc has opposed for years. yet another development is canada’s es- tablishment of 10 principles respecting the government of canada’s relation- ship with indigenous peoples. this docu- ment contains an acknowledgement that “the existence of indigenous rights is not dependent on an agreement and, where agreements are formed, they should be based on the recognition and implemen- tation of rights and not their extinguish- ment, modification, or surrender.” this is a complete reversal of the position of previ- ous canadian governments who vigorously pursued “modification” of rights as the ba- sis of the bc treaty process. another departure from long-standing federal policy has been the establishment of a collaborative fiscal policy develop- ment process between canada and “sig- natory” first nations—those first nations such as the nisga’a, tsawwassen, west- bank and yukon first nations who already have treaties or self-government agree- ments. through this process, the parties are seeking to get away from a “cookie cutter” approach to first nations funding and to recognize the objective of reducing socio-economic gaps. an additional table has also been established for discussions between canada and those first nations such as nstq still in the process of negoti- ating treaty-related fiscal agreements. even to the cynical among us, the above developments feel like a real shift and a positive one at that. the nstq treaty team looks forward to testing that “feel- ing” at the treaty table during final agree- ment – stage 5 negotiations. *late june 2018 update* – nstq treaty team is pleased to announce that after a very long period of time since the aip was ‘initialled’ by nstq government rep- resentatives back in 2014, we can finally announce that the “official agreement- in-principle signing ceremony” will be taking place mid-july 2018* at the xats’ūll heritage village location 20 minutes north of williams lake, with both federal and provincial ministers in attendance. once signed by all parties, the nstq treaty table will officially enter stage five – final nego- tiations of the six stage treaty process, al- lowing nstq treaty team to really put their hard hats on to get down to the hard ne- gotiating required to ensure a final agree- ment that will benefit nstq members and communities with a meaningful and pros- perous future for generations to come. [*actual date still in the works by will most likely be one of july 17, 18 or 19. please stay tuned for updated information, or contact your band office for confirmed de- tails] are you creative? central cariboo arts and culture wants to support you! by anne burrill there are many ways to be creative or to participate in arts activities. some people draw or paint, some write songs or play music, others act in live theatre performances, dance, tell stories, take photos, or do traditional craft-making. being creative is part of being human! some of us just dive right in and learn as we go, some of us have taken a class, or learned from a friend or family member. others may want to try making art, or doing something creative, but don’t quite know where to start. some of us may have been making art for a long time and may even make it into a business for themselves or sell things they make. the central cariboo arts and culture society (ccacs) is an organization that supports and promotes arts and culture in the central cariboo (around williams lake). they are exploring how their organization could provide support for arts and creative activities in the first nations communities of t’exelc, xats’ūll, stswecem’c xgat’tem, and esk’etemc. over the next few weeks, members of these communities and indigenous people who live in williams lake are invited to share their ideas about what kinds of things would help support creative arts in first nations communities. if you are interested in arts and creative activities, they would like to hear from you. they have an online survey that will be open for participation until the end of august. if there is enough interest in the topic, they will get people together to share ideas. the survey only has 10 questions and will take about five minutes to fill out. you can participate in the online survey before august 30 by clicking here (or by copying this link and entering into your browser): https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/2bgyzk3 page 4 lexey’em july/august 2018 sellars to run for williams lake indian band chief after serving three terms as councillor, willie sellars is throwing his hat in for chief indian band williams lake (t’exelc) councillor willie sellars has seized the opportunity to announce his plan to run for chief in the august 2018 election, and used the occassion of national indigneous peoples day to make this announcement. “i’m extremely excited to officially announce my candidacy for chief of the williams lake indian band,” sellars said. “our community has been extremely fortunate to have chief ann louie at the helm for the last 10 years.” praising louie for providing “great leadership,” sellars said he would love to see her stay on for another term, but said she’s made the decision to move onto other things. “i’m extremely grateful chief ann’s hard work and guidance and know that i’ll have huge shoes to fill if i’m successful in my efforts to become elected as chief.” sellars, 34, has served three terms on council already. he lives on sugar cane reserve with his three children — milah, cash and lewis. during the winters, he is the goaltender with the williams lake stampeders and during the summers he dip-nets, participates in cultural activities and plays community fastball. in the spring of 2018, sellars tried his hand at bull riding in the indoor rodeo, and was paired with montreal canadiens and team canada gold medalist goaltender carey price, who opened his chute. sellars also authored the internationally acclaimed children’s novel “dipnetting with dad,” which tells the tale of an aboriginal youth’s fishing experiences with his father and extended family. in 2018, sellars will release a follow-up book titled “hockey with dad”. if elected as chief, sellars will serve a four- year term.
new elders’ facility at sugar cane grand opening expected in as little as few months by tony morgan construction of a new elders’ facility is finally un- derway at williams lake indian band (wlib). less than a month after the ground-breaking, mounds of dug earth now make way for a visible founda- tion. on may 14th, elder vir- ginia gilbert had blessed the site with prayer and led the small gathering in a traditional drum song. “i am thankful we can have a safe place to gather”, she be here for a long time and hopefully through doing this work you will be start- ing out on a brand new ca- reer and you can look back with pride on something you’ve done here. and if you’re ever back around you can drive through and take a look at your work.” tru’s mark kiefiuk, residential construction foundation instructor felt thankful for the oppor- tunity and expressed ap- preciation on behalf of his students. “it’s a privilege. we will respect the place and put our best foot for- ward to do a job that will be what you would like to see here. they are a great remarked. conceived and in the making for nearly a de- cade, when sufficient funds were finally realized, the band approached thomp- son rivers university (tru) about a partnership on yet another building project to which it wonderfully agreed to provide the la- bour component. their previous collabo- ration, in june 2016, in- volved an introduction to the trades program where tru students renovated a house on the sugar cane reserve in need of serious repairs, recounted wlib housing manager holly wycotte. “they got hands- on learning in electrical, plumbing, various aspects of construction, drywall facility and concrete work as well.” this time around stu- dents are building an en- tire wlib from the ground up. nestled between the reserve’s health station on a small hillside and the childrens playground just nearby, the site which was once a com- munity garden will remain fenced. hereafter, wlib el- ders will have a permanent structure to call their own equipped with a kitchen, activity room, craft room, office and a small bed- room. councillor rick gilbert emboldened the cheerful and young construction team about their signifi- cant undertaking and en- couraged them to work safely. “remember who you are doing it for. it will bunch, this class!” the existing trailer be- ing used by elders as a temporary meeting space for quite some time was never a good fit for size and sustained water damage. counc. gilbert being an elder himself also empa- thized with this milestone. “people have given their everything all their lives and it is about time we give them something back.” wlib’s new elders’ fa- cility is expected to open some time near the month of september. northern shuswap treaty society welcomes new treaty executive assistant kelalst booth sheila has officially joined the northern shuswap treaty society team in may of 2018, as nstq treaty executive assistant. sheila says she is very honored to be a part of the nstq team. sheila is a member of esk’etemc first nation and has family throughout the secwepemc nation. sheila is married with two grown children of her own, and a stepson who lives in alberta with his child. sheila brings a certificate in social work and an applied business certificate to her new role as treaty executive assistant. she has done the majority of work in the employment counselling field which included working at the canadian mental health community association, futures bc aboriginal mentoring and training association. and the also in has sheila has volunteered various areas, examples of which include williams lake crisis and counselling line, central bc aboriginal youth hockey association, and women’s contact society board of directors. forward she the to working with the nstq treaty looks communities, and embracing ahead ongoing and training to improve her skill set within the treaty team. team, learning looks to embroidery • screen printing promotional products 497 n. 11th avenue • ph: 250-392-5078 • fax: 250-392-5739 the lexey’em is brought to you by the northern shuswap tribal council and the williams lake tribune. publisher: kathy mclean, williams lake tribune advertising: williams lake tribune editor: brad mcguire, nstc treaty department editor: treaty society communications coordinator the lexey’em is an independent community newspaper, with bi-monthly issues published every second month by the williams lake tribune and northern shuswap tribal council. the lexey’em is available at the nstc office at 17 south first avenue in williams lake, as well as: three corners health society, knucwentwec child and family services society, williams lake public library, and at the cariboo friendship centre. you may also access it on the northern shuswap tribal council and nstq treaty group websites, or via each band office. it can also be sent out by email to members. if you wish to be on the nstq communications email list and you are an nstq registered member, please contact us at 250-392-7361 lexey’em july/august 2018 page 5
congratulations to nstq’s tru grads! eliza archie memorial school ... busy bees at year end by irene gilbert the children went sage picking at juniper beach, elders, wellness and daycare on may 16th, 2018. on the bus ride to juniper beach, the eams children enjoyed a packed lunch with fruit, veggie and a snack, and later stopped off at cache creek for ice cream. temperatures were 35 celsius in the shade! the sage will be dried and packed for future monday mornings in the next school year. eliza archie memorial school holds sage ceremonies and students, teachers and community members share in the weekend events. callie gilbert marcella mcgrath, lexus amut and aiden bob lauryn boyce and jordyn boyce-archie the eams held a science fair, june 4 2018. marcella mcgrath wrote, ‘the students did an amazing job in their science projects. thanks to the community and judges for being present on their special day of presentations.’ the eliza archie students also participated in sd #27 event at 105 mile. this was a tree-planting event where students were invited to participate in planting 1000 trees as a way of ‘giving back’ after last years’ devastating wildfires. this event was envisioned and created entirely by two young students as a way to heal after the 2017 wildfires. west fraser, bc wildfire service, district of 100 mile, 108 fire department and roserim all came together to help ensure this was a successful event. lexus amut wyatt archie and eric paul it’s always a special time of year to celebrate those who have embraced learning and the upgrading of their skills. we congratulate all of tru’s nstq member graduates – your commitment to improving your skills and the capacity development of nstq nations is impressive and important for the future of our people. while we share just a few examples of the 2017-2018 graduation class here, we congratulate everyone who has successfully completed their studies: cheryl chapman - xats’ull diploma of general studies and certificate in management skills for supervisors. (l to r) sheri sellars/xats’ull - diploma of general studies, gertie harry/stswecem’c xgat’tem – diploma of general studies, noella william/xats’ull – dogwood and diploma of general studies. noella william accepting her diploma from tru chancellor. we also congratulate the recent skills development implicit career practitioner course and its participants. congrats!! building capacity at its best. page 6 lexey’em july/august 2018 infinity bob wishing all northern secwepemc te qelmucw students a fun and safe summer. good luck in your summer activities. alexis archie
largest and most well attended ever! indigenous peoples day in williams lake by brad mcguire photos: brad mcguire, sheila kelalst booth, crystal kalelest june 21st, 2018 marked the summer solstice. it was also the 22nd anniversary of national indigenous peoples day in canada (formerly called aboriginal day) which celebrates strong, vibrant cultures and traditions of all indigenous peoples of this great country. on this day, all canadians come together to celebrate, understand and recognize the unique heritage, diverse cultures and outstanding contributions of first nations, métis and inuit peoples. the canadian constitution recognizes these three groups as indigenous peoples. although these groups share many similarities, they each have their own distinct heritage, language, cultural practices and spiritual beliefs – and of course these distinct cultures and beliefs include all of the many first nations, métis, and inuit peoples of our local cariboo-chilcotin-coast region of british columbia. the northern shuswap tribal council (nstc) has proudly hosted and coordinated indigenous peoples day parade and park celebrations in williams lake for more than ten years. this year, the event drew thousands of people, more parade entrants than ever before, over 35 craft and food vendors, day-long musical entertainment, and hundreds of children from the regions’ schools – enjoying the parade and the boitanio park celebrations. the smiles on the faces of the parade participants and spectators highlighted the start of a fantastic day in 2018! mike retasket did an amazing job as emcee, keeping the agenda on track, sprinkled with his positive and enjoyable sense of humour. the 3rd annual bannock belly competition, organized by noella william of aboriginal victims services, saw rcmp member kevin neufeld, who is of proud métis heritage, become the champion for the second time in the past three years!. overall, the day was a resounding success and could not have happened without the generous support and volunteer efforts of the united way and many other people and organizations in our regions’ communities. the northern shuswap tribal council is so thankful to each and every one of them. kukwstectucw lexey’em july/august 2018 page 7
contractors, forestry, liability, equipment, silviculture & ranch insurance ranching rodeo history bc cowboy hall of fame history of williams lake “dedicated to providing fast, courteous & informative prescription agencies group customer service first foremost! & ph: 250-398-9033 • toll free:1-888-696-1855 fax: 250-398-9063 • email@example.com unit d-280 n. 3rd ave. (3rd & cameron) page 8 lexey’em july/august 2018 museum of the cariboo chilcotin open year round located in the tourism discovery centre 1660 s broadway ave 250-392-7404 web: cowboy-museum.com email: firstname.lastname@example.org service” 250-398-8177 366 yorston street
cultural practice comes alive – hide tanning by kelyn paul in october of 2017, a group of people gathered in canoe creek to learn the process of tanning hides. sxfn elders mary boston and doreen harry offered their time and teachings to anyone and everyone who came to either learn or observe. but, only being able to scrape and soak the hides because of the limited time, most had to bag and freeze their hides to finish in the spring. nstq treaty frequently asked questions as the nstq treaty table prepares to enter final negotiations (stage five), we endeavor to keep nstq members as updated and informed as possible. here is a sampling of answers to some of the more frequently asked questions. q: what is happening at the treaty table? a: the provincial and federal governments are poised to finally sign our agreement-in-principle (aip). that will trigger the start of final agreement negotiations this summer. after so many years of hard work by many members of nstq, we believe the nation is ready to move quickly toward a final agreement. input from nstq members will be vital to reaching that goal. and nstq members will have the final say in a vote on the final agreement at the end of this process. will not sign away any future rights. they agree that this treaty will be a “living document” that can be updated and changed in future as indigenous rights in canada continue to evolve. we expect to start final agreement negotiations (stage five) this summer and nstq will seek a “me too” clause in the treaty. that means that if more favourable terms come about in future, we can reopen our treaty to negotiate the same for nstq. however, they have the ‘option’ of not registering, and continuing as status first nations under the indian act. • for those living on tsl lands, if the agreement passes, they will be living on lands owned and wholly under the jurisdiction of the nstq government. the laws and policies of the nstq government will apply on those lands and nstq will deliver services to nstq citizens. • for those living outside tsl lands who choose to “opt out” of the treaty, all of their current programs and services under the indian act will continue – including tax exempt status. • for those living outside tsl lands who choose to “opt in” to the treaty, it is the intention of nstq to provide services to citizens wherever they live. it is our intention to negotiate funding to provide that support to outside-of-nation citizens. it is also our intention to leverage the economic opportunities that come with owning our own lands to raise own-source funds for services and support to all nstq citizens wherever they may live. q: what is this costing us? a: when nstq set out on the path to self-government, canada provided the funds in the form of loans that were expected to be paid back upon reaching a final agreement. nstq never agreed to this. this year (2018), canada eliminated loan funding and is now providing those funds as grants. nstq has also been assured that the $30 million spent so far is being eliminated. those funds will not have to be repaid to canada! the loan issue is a huge victory for nstq and other nations who have been steadfast at the treaty table - that they not pay to negotiate back lands that were taken from them illegally. q: what is being negotiated? a: under british columbia’s “modern treaty process” nstq, canada or bc may introduce any issue at the negotiation table which it views as significant. although our treaty negotiation is unique and our final agreement will be unique, there are some common elements among final treaties. each one includes: • first nations government structures and related financial arrangements jurisdiction of lands, waters and resources cash settlements. • for nstq, those important issues include: • funds to improve and add to our housing inventory • shared governance of fisheries jurisdiction over children & families services • treaties also establish processes for resolving disputes and making changes to the treaty in future. ownership and q: what if another nation gets a better treaty in a few years? a: for many years, bc and canada wanted the final agreement to be the “full and final” settlement of nstq rights. nstq refused. the federal and governments have accepted that we provincial is private property on the q: negotiations table? a: private property that is for sale by willing owners – and that nstq communities want to own - is being discussed at the nstq table. we have also negotiated a fund for nstq to buy properties in future from willing sellers, in addition to any treaty settlement lands (tsl) included in the final agreement. q: will nstq citizens have to pay taxes? a: first, it’s important to remember that first nations only receive tax exemptions when on reserves, so most already pay the same taxes as other canadians. all previous treaties do include the gradual elimination of tax exemptions - eight years after the effective date for sales tax exemptions and 12 years after for all other taxes, including income tax. as for property taxes, the nstq government will have the power to raise revenues through property taxes on treaty settlement lands. that will apply to all tsl residents, whether nstq members or non- members. like any other government, those taxes will allow nstq to provide services such as water and sewage, housing waste renovations, etc. it will entirely nstq’s decision. property taxes are based on the assessed value of a property and it’s important to note that property taxes in the cariboo are drastically lower than those in vancouver or kelowna. for example, the municipal governments in the cariboo charge about $5 for every $1,000 of assessed value. so, if a home is worth $100,000 the full property tax assessment is $500 for the year. however, there are also grants for rural homeowners or seniors that can reduce that bill to as little as $100 a year. management, q: how will an nstq treaty affect members living off-reserve? a: nstq members must register to vote on the final agreement. we welcome your questions, ideas and suggestions. please contact your band’s treaty office any time. nstq band contacts soda creek indian band (xat’sūll) 3405 mountain house road williams lake, bc, v2g 5l5 p: 250-989-2323 www.xatsull.com facebook: (find as: xatśūll – cmetēm) canim lake indian band (tsq’escen’) po box 1030, 100 mile house, bc, v0k 2e0 p: 250-397-2227 tf: 1-866 -797-2227 treaty p: 250-397-2002 www.canimlakeband.com stswecem’c/xgat’tem (canoe creek/dog creek) general delivery, dog creek, bc, v0l 1j0 p: 250-440-5645 tf: 1-888-220-4220 treaty p: 250-440-5649 www.canoecreekband.ca facebook: xgat’tem first nation) (find as: stswecem’c williams lake indian band (t’exelc) 2672 indian drive williams lake, bc, v2g 5k9 p: 250-296-3507 tf: 1-877-856-3507 www.williamslakeband.ca facebook: (find as: williams lake indian band updates) in may of 2018, sxfn elder mary boston returned to teach a second session. those who could return, were able to soak and string the hides onto a frame for stretching. those who were there for the first time, they were able to catch up and join the group. young and old worked together to prepare these beautiful hides to either tan or use for other purposes such as drums and/or rattles. but with such a short time, some were unable to finish the group would like to thank mary boston for her time and patience in providing such precious knowledge and teachings. another session is being planned in the future. posters will be distributed once the date i set, so be on the look out. lexey’em july/august 2018 page 9
fisheries update by dave feil, nstc fisheries coordinator the past couple of months have been busy with our beaver valley bass eradication project, electro-fishing training, and gibraltar water sampling. our bass eradication project in the beaver valley watershed, started on may 10, 2018. the project involves three technicians who use angling, and gill nets to eradicate the invasive species. we also joined flnrord again this year to inspect the bass barriers, were are working closely with them on monitoring the barriers and checking the lakes and streams in the system. we started water sampling with gibraltar mines early this year, beginning in april, the testing will continue until november. at the beginning of may, andrew, dave and a.j. participated in an electro- fishing course. this course provides the fundamentals of using the equipment to stun fish. the fish are given a shock, which stuns them, and then the technicians gather the fish with nets and then records the required information. this course was very fun and interesting. at the end of may the fisheries crew attended a “get to know us” meeting with the sugarcane youth. we had reps from uffca and dfo conservation and protection branch. we put up displays and put out some of our equipment, and there were finger foods and refreshments. we all had a great time, even the mosquitos! we had to replace our aging dodge pickup, so we finally got a new ford pickup in may. through the summer, he next couple of months will be busy with gibraltar water sampling, continuing the bass program, starting a new zebra mussel testing program and preparing for the upcoming catch monitor season. technology corner parents are losing their sons to fortnite, the hottest game in the world re-printed by permission of the sydney morning herald/ by madonna king if you haven’t heard of the game fortnite, you probably haven’t got a teenage son. but if you have a teenage son, there’s a chance you are in a living hell, right now. over the past year, boys between the ages of 10 and 17 have been: stealing their parents’ credit cards to buy gear and costumes for their character; staying up all night, or setting the alarm af- ter their parents have gone to bed, so that they could find a few extra hours to play fortnite; pulling out of weekend sport because it would be time away from their game; playing it in class without teachers’ knowl- edge, and in at least one school the game - and even any mention of it - has been banned; screaming like toddlers when parents in- tervene to ban it during weekday nights; had their grades plummet - in some in- stances from an a to a c- across most sub- jects. some parents are at their wit’s end. one group of year 9 mothers has joined forces to ban all their sons from using it. there’s power in numbers. others are dealing with ugly friendship fallouts, simply because one of their sons “killed” another in a game that generated more than $220 million in one month – march 2018 – alone! teachers say fortnite has in some instanc- es changed the “pecking order’’ in classes, with the top positions reserved for those who do best on the game. others have sent notes home to parents, pleading with them to refocus their sons away from the game, and back to their homework. this is the teenage boy’s version of the topless selfie, that parents of girls worry about. but it might even be worse because of the sheer volume of those playing it and its competitive lure, particularly to boys. it involves firearms but is free of blood, so provides less reason - on the surface - to be considered dangerous. cam adair is a canadian game-addiction expert who is on round-trips to australia at the request of schools. at one parent night, almost 900 parents jammed into a hall to understand the pervasive and addictive in- fluence of the latest teen boy craze. about 700 parents turned out at a brisbane func- tion. like australia, canada (north america page 10 lexey’em july/august 2018 in general) is having the same negative fall- out and addiction issues. described by the new york times as a cross “between minecraft and the hunger games’’, mr adair says boys were becom- ing addicted and suffered genuine with- drawal symptoms including “mood swings, urges, and headaches’’. others were also refusing to go to school because they couldn’t cope with not playing fortnite. “when i’ve spoken at schools recently in australia, every single hand went up when i asked whether or not they were playing it. there’s something different about this and it’s causing a lot of parents to really struggle at home,’’ mr adair said. he said those who weren’t playing it were being excluded, and those spending hours each day were competing with friends and an estimated 40 million others around the world, determined to advance, and “look better in front of their friends”. released less than a year ago, 50 per cent of those playing it were girls, but about 90 per cent of those addicted were male, according to mr adair. they ranged in age from pre-teens to 70 years. “i haven’t seen any game like this that has caused as many problems for parents,’’ he said. his advice? parents worried about their son’s obsession with it should ban it, forcing their sons to go “cold turkey” in a 90-day detox. that length of time was re- quired to reset the brain. two parents i know have tried that. in both cases, their teenage sons broke down bawling, pleading for a second chance. in one case, the 14-year-old boy sat scream- ing in a corner. “it’s really, really addictive; i’m seeing with my own eyes,’’ one mother said. “it’s be- come his whole world. he judges himself on how he does,’’ another said. companies that have created the new economy are now being held to account for their abuse of privacy. maybe it is time also that they are held to account for al- lowing, and encouraging, addiction to on- line games. there’s no doubt that would be a vote-winner. in any case, summertime means ‘outdoor fun’, and parents should be encouraging their kids to add more outdoor activity as a substitute for ‘indoor gaming’. hey, they might even find out that they’ve missed “real social interaction” – with the benefits being a healthier body, and mind, to name only a few.
language lesson 2. ren speqpéq re7 speqpéq re speqpéqs re speqpéqs-kuc re speqpéq-kt re speqpéq-emp patterns 1. te and re describing word + te + thing (general thing) xyum te ápels. xyum re ápels. a big apple. the apple is big. describing word + re + thing (particular thing) tektsqwúse7 te speqpéq. red berry. tektsqwúse7 re speqpéq. the berry is red. new secwepemc vocabulary review ck̓wen̓llqten geyú7 qwléwe peták s7etsqw xexlelcw smet̓qin̓ ténep speqpéq tqítq̓e s7éytsqwem tekwlóse7 sesép sekwéw̓ ápels tséts̓elq pétse mim̓ c llkep swelwelméwll csúlmen tsípwen qw7ep t̓qellp tpéxs-em̓ , en̓s tpéxsem tqelq̓wélt ts̓mem ts̓alt cllemens cmólkwen stektsusem t̓emín̓ t7ikw tsyeqw garden carrot wild onion potato baked potato corn mushroom turnip berries strawberry raspberry choke cherries blueberries rosehip berries apple balsam root digging stick birch basket bucket pail freezer root cellar gunny sack to dig out potatoes to peel (potatoes, carrots) to scrape (potatoes, carrots) ripe spoiled (fruit) sour he\she puts it into a container he or she puts a number of things inside a container, into a liquid wood axe spark fire my berries your berries his\her\its berries our berries (not you) our berries (including you) their berries he (she) picks berries. he (she) is picking berries. q́wlewem-ekwe. 3. q̓wlélwem-ken. i pick berries. i am picking berries. you pick berries. you are picking berries. q̓wlewem-k. phrases and sentences 1. tqwelqel̓t re speqpéq. the berries are ripe. 2. kw̓ inc te ú7se? how many eggs. 3. piq re lekelét. the bread is white. 4. xyum re smet̓qín̓. the mushroom is big. 5. tsiqw re ápels. the apple is red. 6. ta7ús k metéc re sk̓wimém̓ let. don’t feed the baby. 7. kectsétsme tek peták. give me the potatoes. 8. íllente re ápels. eat the apples. 9. cték̓ente tek séwllkwe. fill it up with water. 10. plúkw̓ ente re syelyelt. gather the dishes. 11. cts̓éwente re syelyelt. wash the dishes. 12. sícwente re séwllkwe. spill the water. counting round things (berries, apples, etc.): t-nek̓wúse7 t-selúse7 t-kellúse7 t-mesmúse7 tselkstúse7 one round object two round objects three round things four round objects five round objects counting pointed things (celery, carrots, pens, sticks) nek̓welqw selélqw kellélqw mesélqw tselkstélqw one carrot\celery two carrots\celery three carrots\celery four carrots\celery five carrots\celery l o o k f o r u s ! on as: “spiuy squqluts” on as: “secwepemctsin” or “shuswap language project”, or “spi7uy squqluts language and culture society” contact us: e: email@example.com p: 250-392-7361 ext: 206 other online resources: www.firstvoices.ca www.tutor.firstvoices.com “legends of the shuswap” – by paul kennedy a wildfire story of anxiety by kelly william omg. we barely saved my aunt noella and cousins fallon’s house! my dad threw the sprinklers and hoses up to me on the roof as red hot embers were falling onto my head, the fire was too close so we evacuated the area. we grabbed kelly sellars who had a water tank, pump and hose then went back in. there was just so much smoke we barely managed to hook a chain to art’s 1972 chevy and i jumped behind the wheel as art used his other truck to tow it as i steered it from the yard to the driveway. we fought the fire as much as we could but the flames and especially the smoke was just unbearable, we couldn’t breathe. we evacuated, everyone left while my dad and i went to check on marg’s house, on our way back we did one more flyby at my aunt’s house. i took one last look and said f**k it and jumped out of the truck and ran towards the smoke and flames with a water piss tank and my dad followed. everyone wondered where we were because everyone evacuated but came to check on us and saw that we were still fighting the fire, and then joined us. we barely saved the house - holy f**k, i literally thought the house was gone! anxiety will effect people this summer in may different ways. for example, the first time you smell a camp fire or see smoke on a mountain. preparing ourselves mentally and physically will help the feeling of anxiety. the purpose of this is to assist you in recognizing how anxiety might be negatively affecting your life, and, to identify some small and immediate changes you can make in preparation for the bigger changes you will be making as you proceed on this journey of learning skills and strategies to reduce unwanted anxiety. the negative effects of anxiety enabling avoidance uncertainty alcohol, drugs, and anxiety small and immediate changes i can make being active friends and family can help getting a good nights sleep heathy eating - healthy living kindness: have a word with yourself parent & child does any of this sound like your child or teen? clinging, crying and/or tantrums when you separate excessive shyness, avoiding social situations constant worry avoiding situations or places because of fears complaints of frequent stomach aches or headaches experiencing sudden and frequent panic attacks if you answered yes to any of these statements there is a website called anxiety bc that is a very helpful tool for you. check it out! your child may be experiencing anxiety. www.anxietybc.com aboriginal victim services emotional support practical assistance and support general information accompaniment justice related information community relations noella william, program coordinator email: firstname.lastname@example.org phone: 250-305-2350 fax: 250-392-1533 office hours: monday to friday 8:30am - 4:30pm closed for lunch (12:00pm – 1:00pm) 17 south first avenue, williams lake, bc v2g 1h4 office is located in northern shuswap tribal council, nstc – building funded by ministry of justice lexey’em july/august 2018 page 11
nstq members are invited official aip signing ceremony & celebration witness the signing of the nstq agreement-in-principle by canada, bc and nstq. federal & provincial ministers in attendance when july 20, 2018 time 10:00 am location xats’ūll heritage village (located 35 km’s north of williams lake) for more information including potential transportation support, please contact your band office. nstq history in the making! page 12 lexey’em july/august 2018